Frontiers of Forestry in China

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 369–374 | Cite as

Forest fire detection system based on a ZigBee wireless sensor network

Research Article


Compared with the traditional techniques of forest fire detection, a wireless sensor network paradigm based on a ZigBee technique was proposed. The proposed technique is in real time, given the exigencies of forest fires. The architecture of a wireless sensor network for forest fire detection is described. The hardware circuitry of the network node is designed based on a CC2430 chip. The process of data transmission is discussed in detail. Environmental parameters such as temperature and humidity in the forest region can be monitored in real time. From the information collected by the system, decisions for fire fighting or fire prevention can be made more quickly by the relevant government departments.


wireless sensor network fire detection network system network node data transmission 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Calle A, Sanz J, Moclan C, Casanova J L, Goldammer J G, Li Z, Quin Z (2006). Detection and monitoring of forest fires in China through the ENVISAT-AATSR sensor. In: Proceedings of the 2005 Dragon Symposium-Dragon Programme Mid-term Results. Paris: European Space Agency, 283–291Google Scholar
  2. Huang S L, Florian S (2005). ENVISAT ASAR wide swath backscatter dynamics of the Siberial boreal forest fire scar. In: Proceedings of the 2004 Envisat and ERS Symposium. Paris: European Space Agency, 1305–1313Google Scholar
  3. Lai R W (2004). Studies on the forest resources monitored by 3S technologies. Dissertation for the Doctoral Degree. Fuzhou: Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Ren F Y, Huang H N, Lin C (2003). Wireless sensor networks. J Software, 14(7): 1282–1291 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Shu L F, Zhang X L, Dai X A, Tian X R, Wang M Y (2003). Forest fire research (II): Fire forecast. World For Res, 16(4): 34–37 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Shu L F, Wang M Y, Zhao F J, Li H, Tian X R (2005). Comparison and application of satellites in forest fire monitoring. World For Res, 18(6): 49–53 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Song W G, Ma J, Satoh K, Wang J (2006). An analysis of multicorrelation between forest fire risk and weather parameters. Eng Sci, 8(2): 61–66 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Tian X R, McRae D J, Zhang Y H (2006). Assessment of forest fire danger rating systems. World For Res, 19(2): 39–46 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Tillett J, Yang S J, Rao R, Sahin F (2004). Optimal topologies for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of SPIE-the International Society for Optical Engineering, Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks. London: SPIE, 192–203Google Scholar
  10. Yu L Y, Wang N, Meng X Q (2005). Real-time forest fire detection with wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of 2005 International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing. Wuhan: WCNM, 1214–1217Google Scholar
  11. Zenon C, Fady A (2005). Wireless sensor network based system for fire endangered areas. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Information Technology and Applications. Sydney: ICITA, 203–207Google Scholar
  12. Zhang G (2004). Study on forest fire dynamic monitoring in Guangzhou City. Dissertation for the Doctoral Degree. Zhuzhou: Central South Forestry University (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junguo Zhang
    • 1
  • Wenbin Li
    • 1
  • Ning Han
    • 1
  • Jiangming Kan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of TechnologyBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations