Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 406–416 | Cite as

Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating of Liuwan Paleolithic site in the Luonan Basin, Central China

  • Kexin Wang
  • Xinghua Xu
  • Xuefeng SunEmail author
  • Hua Tu
  • Qiongxuan Zeng
  • Yiming Lu
  • Huayu Lu
  • Shejiang Wang


The Luonan Basin is a key region of early human settlement in Central China with more than 300 discovered Paleolithic sites. Artifact layer 1 of the Liuwan site was dated to approximately 0.6 million years (Ma) based on correlation with the well-dated loess–paleosol sequence of the central Chinese Loess Plateau. This study reassessed the age of the Liuwan artifact layer via an absolute dating method, namely, 26Al/10Be burial dating. We determined the burial age of artifact layer 1, which was most likely at least 0.60 ± 0.12 Ma (1ơ), using three simple burial ages. The new burial age confirmed the previous estimated age and provided a considerably accurate age range. Therefore, we suggest the use of the 26Al/10Be burial dating method in thin loess-covered Paleolithic sites around the Qinling Mountain Range is helpful to understand the early human behavior.


Luonan Basin loess Paleolithic artifact Middle Pleistocene Cosmogenic nuclides 


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We thank Prof. David Fink for his help in the laboratory work, and Prof. Guanjun Shen for his help and encouragement.


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kexin Wang
    • 1
  • Xinghua Xu
    • 1
  • Xuefeng Sun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hua Tu
    • 2
  • Qiongxuan Zeng
    • 1
  • Yiming Lu
    • 1
  • Huayu Lu
    • 1
  • Shejiang Wang
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Geography and Ocean ScienceNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.BGEG, School of Earth SciencesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of SciencesInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, CASBeijingChina
  4. 4.CAS Center for Excellence in Life and PaleoenvironmentBeijingChina

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