Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 377–388 | Cite as

Estimating spatial pattern of hyporheic water exchange in slack water pool

  • Jinxi SongEmail author
  • Dandong Cheng
  • Junlong Zhang
  • Yongqiang Zhang
  • Yongqing Long
  • Yan Zhang
  • Weibo Shen


Hyporheic zone (HZ) influences hydraulic and biogeochemical processes in and alongside streams, therefore, investigating the controlling geographic factors is beneficial for understanding the hydrological processes in HZ. Slack water pool (SWP) is an essential micro-topographic structure that has an impact on surface water and groundwater interactions in the HZ during and after high flows. However, only a few studies investigate HZ surface water and groundwater exchange in the SWP. This study used the thermal method to estimate the HZ water exchange in the SWP in a segment of the Weihe River in China during the winter season. The findings show that on the flow-direction parallel to the stream, river recharge dominates the HZ water exchange, while on the opposing flow-direction bank groundwater discharge dominates the water exchange. The water exchange in the opposing flow-direction bank is about 1.6 times of that in the flow-direction bank. The HZ water exchange is not only controlled by flow velocity but also the location and shape of the SWP. Great water exchange amount corresponds to the shape with more deformation. The maximum water exchange within the SWP is close to the river bank where the edge is relatively high. This study provides some guidelines for water resources management during flooding events.


hyporheic water exchange thermal method discharge recharge surface water-groundwater interactions 


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We thank Guotao Zhang, Weiwei Jiang, Yuanyuan Wang, Ming Wen, Shaofeng Xu, and other members for assistance in fieldwork. In particular, we are grateful to the editor and two anonymous reviewers for providing numerous comments and suggestions, which helped improve this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinxi Song
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dandong Cheng
    • 1
    • 3
  • Junlong Zhang
    • 2
    • 4
  • Yongqiang Zhang
    • 5
  • Yongqing Long
    • 2
  • Yan Zhang
    • 2
  • Weibo Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water ConservationCAS & MWRYangling, ShaanxiChina
  2. 2.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.College of Geography and EnvironmentShandong Normal UniversityJinanChina
  5. 5.CSIRO Land and WaterCanberraAustralia

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