Advertisement

Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 363–376 | Cite as

Comprehensive evaluation of regional resources and environmental carrying capacity using a PS-DR-DP theoretical model

  • Liang Wang
  • Hui LiuEmail author
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

The concepts of regional resources and environmental carrying capacity are important aspects of both academic inquiry and government policy. Although notable results have been achieved in terms of evaluating both these variables, most researchers have utilized a traditional analytical method that incorporates the “pressure-state-response” model. A new approach is proposed in this study for the comprehensive evaluation of regional resources and environmental carrying capacity; applying a “pressure-support”, “destructiveness- resilience”, and “degradation-promotion” (“PS-DR-DP”) hexagon interaction theoretical model, we divided carrying capacity into these three pairs of interactive forces which correspond with resource supporting ability, environmental capacity, and risk-disaster resisting ability, respectively. Negative carrying capacity load in this context was defined to include pressure, destructiveness, and degradation, while support, resilience, and promotion comprised positive attributes. The status of regional carrying capacity was then determined via the ratio between positive and negative contribution values, expressed in terms of changes in both hexagonal shape and area that result from interactive forces. In order to test our “PS-DR-DP” theory-based model, we carried out a further empirical study on Beijing over the period between 2010 and 2015. Analytical results also revealed that the city is now close to attaining a perfect state for both resources and environmental carrying capacity; the latter state in Beijing increased from 1.0143 to 1.1411 between 2010 and 2015, an improved carrying capacity despite the fact that population increased by two million. The average contribution value also reached 0.7025 in 2015, indicating that the city approached an optimal loading threshold at this time but still had space for additional carrying capacity. The findings of our analysis provide theoretical support to enable the city of Beijing to control population levels below 23 million by 2020.

Keywords

resources and environmental carrying capacity “pressure-support” “destructiveness-resilience” and “degradation-promotion” model evaluation Beijing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cao H J, 2005. An initial study on DPSIR model. Environmental Science and Technology, 28(Suppl.1): 110–111. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Céline Chadenas, Agnès Pouillaude, Patrick Pottier, 2008. Assessing carrying capacities of coastal areas in France. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 12(1): 27–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen X P, Dai Q, 2002. A study on water-soil capacity in North West arid area with systemic dynamics: A case of Hexi Corridor, Gansu Province. Arid Land Geography, 25(4): 377–382. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Cui F J, 1998. The carrying capacity of municipal water environment and its case study. Journal of Natural Resources, 13(1): 58–62. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Fan J, 2007. The scientific foundation of major function oriented zoning in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 62(4): 339–350. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Fan J, 2009. Resource Environment Carrying Capacity Evaluation for Post-Wenchuan Earthquake Restoration and Reconstruction in the State Planning. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Fan J, Wang Y F, Tang Q et al., 2015. Academic thought and technical progress of monitoring and early-warning of the national resources and environment carrying capacity (V2014). Scientia Geographica Sinica, 35(1): 1–10. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Fan J, Z K, Wang Y F, 2017. Basic points and progress in technical methods of early-warning of the national resource and environmental carrying capacity (V2016). Progress in Geography, 36(3): 266–276. (in Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fan Y Y, Liu Y, Guo H C et al., 2005. The effects of water resources policies on water resources carrying capacity in Beijing City. Resources Science, 27(5): 113–119. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Fang C L, Wu F L, Li M X, 2011. Suitability evaluation of population and settlements spatial layout after Wenchuan Earthquake. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 21(3): 539–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. FAO, 1996. Agro-ecological Zoning; Guidelines. Fao Soil Bulletins.Google Scholar
  12. Feng H Y, Zhang W, Li G Y et al., 2006. A system dynamic model and simulation for water resources carrying capacity in Beijing. Journal of China Agricultural University, 11(6): 106–110. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Feng Y L, Han W X, Wang H J et al., 2003. Study on the region water resources carrying capacity. Advances in Water Science, 14(1): 109–113. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. Feng Z M, 1994. Research history, present situation and future prospects of land carrying capacity. China Land Science, 8(3): 1–9. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Feng Z M, Yang Y Z, Jiang D et al., 2016. The compilation of natural resources balance sheets (NRBS) and the evaluation of resources and environment carrying capacity (RECC). Acta Ecologica Sinica, 36(22): 7140–7145. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. Feng Z M, Yang Y Z, Yan H M et al., 2017. A review of resources and environment carrying capacity research since the 20th century: from theory to practice. Resources Science, 39(3): 379–395. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Feng Z M, Yang Y Z, Zhang J, 2008. The land carrying capacity of China based on man-grain relationship. Journal of Natural Resources, 23(5): 865–875. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Gao J X, 1999. A study on the ecological bearing capacity of regional sustainable development [D]. Beijing: Institute of Geography, CAS. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Gao X L, Chen T, Fan J, 2010. Population capacity in the Wenchuan Earthquake reconstruction areas. Acta Geographica Sinica, 65(2): 164–176. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Guyondet T, Comeau L A, Bacher C et al., 2015. Climate change influences carrying capacity in a coastal embayment dedicated to shellfish aquaculture. Estuaries & Coasts, 38(5): 1593–1618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. He C Q, 2014. China Modernization Report 2013: Urban Modernization Study. Beijing: Peking University Press. http://www.bjghw.gov.cn/web/ztgh/ztgh000.html. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Irankhahi M, Jozi S A, Farshchi P et al., 2017. Combination of GISFM and TOPSIS to evaluation of urban environment carrying capacity (case study: Shemiran City, Iran). International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 14(6): 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Karnopp D, Rosenberg R C, 1990. System Dynamics: A Unified Approach. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
  24. Li T X, Fu Q, Peng S M, 2012. Evaluation of water and soil resources carrying capacity based on DPSIR frame work. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University, 43(8): 128–134. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Liao J F, 1998. The land carrying capacity of the population in Guangdong Province. Economic Geography, 18(1): 75–79. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. Luo Y Z, Cheng Z Y, Guo X Q, 2011. The changing characteristics of potential climate productivity in Gansu Province during nearly 40 years. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(1): 221–229. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Mangi S C, Roberts C M, Rodwell L D, 2007. Reef fisheries management in Kenya: Preliminary approach using the driver-pressure-state-impacts-response (DPSIR) scheme of indicators. Ocean & Coastal Management, 50(5): 463–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mao H Y, Yu D L, 2001. A study on the quantitative research of regional carrying capacity. Advance in Earth Sciences, 16(4): 549–555.Google Scholar
  29. Mao H Y, Yu D L, 2001. Regional carrying capacity in Bohai Rim. Acta Geographica Sinica, 56(3): 363–371. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Meadows D H, Meadows D L, Randers J et al., 1972. The limits to growth. A report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 4(3): 323–332.Google Scholar
  31. Odum H T, 1996. Environmental accounting: Emergy and environmental decision making. Child Development, 42(4): 1187–1201.Google Scholar
  32. Pan D, 2016. Environment carrying capacity and pollution risk of livestock breeding in ecological economic zone of Poyang Lake. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 36(2): 254–259. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Park R E, Burgess E W, 1920. Introduction to the Science of Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 131(6): 1–12.Google Scholar
  34. Patil D Y, Patil L S, 2008. Environmental carrying capacity and tourism development in Maharashtra. Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, Part II–Tourism Society and Environmental Issues, 95–101.Google Scholar
  35. Qiang Z, Qi Y B, Bai X M, 2007. Study on population carrying capacity of cultivated land in big city: Taking Beijing City as a case. Resource Development & Market, 23(2): 147–148. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  36. Rees W E, 1992. Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: What urban economics leaves out. Focus, 6(2): 121–130.Google Scholar
  37. Rees W E, Wackernagel Mathis, 1994. Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: Measuring the natural capital requirements of the human economy. Focus, 6(2): 121–130.Google Scholar
  38. Reghunathan V M, Joseph S, Warrier C U et al., 2016. Factors affecting the environmental carrying capacity of a freshwater tropical lake system. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, 188(11): 615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sarma A K, Sarma B, Das S, 2016. Estimating Sustainable Carrying Capacity of Flood Prone Hilly Urban Areas. Urban Hydrology, Watershed Management and Socio-Economic Aspects. Springer International Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shi Y F, Qu Y G, 1992. The Carrying Capacity of Water Resources and Its Reasonable Use of Urumqi River. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. Shi Y L, 1992. Research of Population Carrying Capacity of Chinese Land Resource. Beijing: Science and Technology of China Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  42. Tong Y F, 2010. Dynamic simulation and analysis to population carrying capacity of Beijing. China Population Resources and Environment, 20(9): 42–47. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  43. Tong Y F, Liu G J, 2011. Research on urban population carrying capacity based on potential-satisfaction degree method: A case study of Beijing. Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition, 51(1): 152–157. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  44. Wang S T, Guo H C, Wang L J, 2005. An analysis of relative loading capacity of resources in Beijing City. Journal of Safety and Environment, 5(5): 90–94. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  45. Wang Z G, Xia J, 1999. Quantitative analysis on bearing capacity of ecological environment. Journal of Changjiang Vocational University, 16(4): 9–12. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  46. Wang Z S, Yuan K K, Lyu C Y et al., 2016. Research of population carrying capacity of Beijing based on the resources & environment constraints. China Population, Resources and Environment, 26(5): 351–354. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  47. Wu Q, Wang R S, Li H Q et al., 2005. The indices and the evaluation method of eco-city. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 25(8): 2090–2095. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  48. Xia J, Zhang Y Y, Wang Z G, 2006. Water carrying capacity of urbanized area. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 37(12): 1482–1488. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  49. Yu G H, Sun C Z, 2015. Land carrying capacity spatiotemporal differentiation in the Bohai Sea coastal areas. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35(14): 4860–4870. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  50. Zeng W H, Wang H D, Xue J X et al., 1991. Environmental carrying capacity: A key to the coordination of the development of population, resources and environment. China Population, Resources and Environment, 1(2): 33–37. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  51. Zhang L H, Chen G, Xu X X et al., 2008. A theoretical and empirical study of urban population carrying capacity: taking Haidian of Beijing as an example. Management Review, 20(5): 28–32. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  52. Zhu K Z, 1964. Some characteristic features of Chinese climate and their effects on crop production. Acta Geographica Sinica, 30(1): 1–13. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CASBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CASBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Resource and EnvironmentUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Faculty of Geographical ScienceBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations