Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 483–494

Spatial patterns and driving forces of land use change in China during the early 21st century

  • Jiyuan Liu
  • Zengxiang Zhang
  • Xinliang Xu
  • Wenhui Kuang
  • Wancun Zhou
  • Shuwen Zhang
  • Rendong Li
  • Changzhen Yan
  • Dongsheng Yu
  • Shixin Wu
  • Nan Jiang
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11442-010-0483-4

Cite this article as:
Liu, J., Zhang, Z., Xu, X. et al. J. Geogr. Sci. (2010) 20: 483. doi:10.1007/s11442-010-0483-4

Abstract

Land use and land cover change as the core of coupled human-environment systems has become a potential field of land change science (LCS) in the study of global environmental change. Based on remotely sensed data of land use change with a spatial resolution of 1 km × 1 km on national scale among every 5 years, this paper designed a new dynamic regionalization according to the comprehensive characteristics of land use change including regional differentiation, physical, economic, and macro-policy factors as well. Spatial pattern of land use change and its driving forces were investigated in China in the early 21st century. To sum up, land use change pattern of this period was characterized by rapid changes in the whole country. Over the agricultural zones, e.g., Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, the southeast coastal areas and Sichuan Basin, a great proportion of fine arable land were engrossed owing to considerable expansion of the built-up and residential areas, resulting in decrease of paddy land area in southern China. The development of oasis agriculture in Northwest China and the reclamation in Northeast China led to a slight increase in arable land area in northern China. Due to the “Grain for Green” policy, forest area was significantly increased in the middle and western developing regions, where the vegetation coverage was substantially enlarged, likewise. This paper argued the main driving forces as the implementation of the strategy on land use and regional development, such as policies of “Western Development”, “Revitalization of Northeast”, coupled with rapidly economic development during this period.

Keywords

land use change spatial pattern driving forces the early 21st century China 

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiyuan Liu
    • 1
  • Zengxiang Zhang
    • 2
  • Xinliang Xu
    • 1
  • Wenhui Kuang
    • 1
  • Wancun Zhou
    • 3
  • Shuwen Zhang
    • 4
  • Rendong Li
    • 5
  • Changzhen Yan
    • 6
  • Dongsheng Yu
    • 7
  • Shixin Wu
    • 8
  • Nan Jiang
    • 9
  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchCASBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Remote Sensing ApplicationsCASBeijingChina
  3. 3.Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentCASChengduChina
  4. 4.Northeast Institute of Geography and AgroecologyCASChangchunChina
  5. 5.Wuhan Institute of Geodesy and GeophysicsCASWuhanChina
  6. 6.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research InstituteCASLanzhouChina
  7. 7.Nanjing Institute of Soil ScienceCASNanjingChina
  8. 8.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyCASUrumqiChina
  9. 9.Nanjing Institute of Geography and LimnologyCASNanjingChina

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