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Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 3–16 | Cite as

Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation events on China’s rice production

  • Xiangzheng DengEmail author
  • Jikun Huang
  • Fangbin Qiao
  • Rosamond L. Naylor
  • Walter P. Falcon
  • Marshall Burke
  • Scott Rozelle
  • David Battisti
Article

Abstract

This paper aims to demonstrate the relationships between ENSO and rice production of Jiangxi province in order to identify the reason that ENSO might have little effect on Chinese rice production. Using a data set with measures of Jiangxi’s climate and rice production, we find the reason that during 1985 and 2004 ENSO’s well correlated with rainfall did not promote Chinese rice production. First, the largest effects of ENSO mostly occur in the months when there is no rice in the field. Second, there is almost no temperature effect. Finally, the monthly distribution of rainfall is almost the same in ENSO and neutral years because the largest effects are during months when there is the least rain. In addition, due to the high irrigation share and reliable and effective irrigation facilities of cultivated land, China’s rice production is less climate-sensitive.

Keywords

El Niño Southern Oscillation ENSO econometric methods rice production sea-surface temperature anomaly China 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiangzheng Deng
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jikun Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fangbin Qiao
    • 3
  • Rosamond L. Naylor
    • 4
  • Walter P. Falcon
    • 4
  • Marshall Burke
    • 4
  • Scott Rozelle
    • 4
  • David Battisti
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for Chinese Agricultural PolicyCASBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchCASBeijingChina
  3. 3.Central Finance UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  5. 5.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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