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Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 387–402 | Cite as

Ostracod assemblages and their environmental significance from the lake core of the Nam Co on the Tibetan Plateau 8.4 kaBP

  • Manping Xie
  • Liping Zhu
  • Ping Peng
  • Junbo Wang
  • Yong Wang
  • Antje Schwalb
Article

Abstract

A 332-cm long lacustrine core was drilled in the Nam Co in the central-southern part of the Tibetan Plateau. From the core, 15 species of ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda), which belong to 6 genera have been identified. According to the variations of the ostracod assemblages and the ostracods ecological features, which are sensitive to the changing environment, three main stages can be distinguished as follows: Stage I was from 8400 to 6800 a BP, during which the climate was cold-humid, and the lake depth changed from shallow to deep. Stage II was from 6400 to 2500 a BP, during which the climate changed from warm-humid to cold-humid, and then to cold-dry. The lake depth gradually became deep. The shifting of climate, from wet-cold to dry-cold during this period, had constructed the basis of present environment in the Nam Co. Stage III was from 2500 a BP to the present, which showed a trait of lake depth increasing. At the earlier period of this stage, the climate kept as cold-dry as that in the former stage, but the salinity of the lake increased. At the later period of this stage, the degree of cold-dry was enhanced, and the activities of land surface runoff tended to be weakened. Our research also found that the peak values of ostracods with black shell was coherent with the maximum production of the ostracods, and agreed with the increasing sedimentary water dynamics. This indicated that the ostracods with black shell was simultaneous with the high prolificacy of ostracod, and transported from other places. The abundance of Candona juvenile shells reflected the high mortality of that kind of ostracods under an unfavorable condition. This was probably a result of the rapid change of water dynamics of sedimentary environment.

Keywords

ostracods environmental change lacustrine core Nam Co Tibetan Plateau 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manping Xie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liping Zhu
    • 1
  • Ping Peng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junbo Wang
    • 1
  • Yong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Antje Schwalb
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau ResearchCASBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institut für UmweltgeologicTechnische UniversitätBraunschweigGermany

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