Micromechanical modeling of particle breakage of granular materials in the framework of thermomechanics

  • Chaomin Shen
  • Sihong LiuEmail author
  • Liujiang Wang
  • Yishu Wang
Research Paper


The particle breakage of granular materials under compression is a phenomenon of great importance. In this paper, a micromechanically based model for the compression of crushable granular materials is developed in the framework of thermomechanics. Both the internal and dissipative energies in the model are derived using the micro–macro volume averaging approach to ensure that all parameters involved have concrete physical meanings. The particle breakage is quantified by the change of the maximum particle size, the size polydispersity and the fractal dimension of the gradation. Compared to other breakage models, there is a major difference that highlights the novelty of the proposed model: neither the ultimate particle size distribution, nor the evolution path of the gradation is predefined in the model. The initiation, evolution and the attenuation of the breakage can be determined by the maximum dissipation principle using thermomechanics and micromechanics. Finally, it is demonstrated that the proposed model can predict the stress dependence of the elastic bulk modulus, the size dependence of the yielding stress and the elastic–plastic-pseudoelastic phase transition of granular materials.


Granular material Micromechanics Particle breakage Physically based model Thermomechanics 



This work is supported by the “National Key R&D Program of China” (Grant No. 2017YFC0404800), the “National Natural Science Foundation of China” (Grant No. U1765205) and “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (Grant No. 2018B40914). Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 51509077) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Project No. 2016B03514) are also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaomin Shen
    • 1
  • Sihong Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liujiang Wang
    • 1
  • Yishu Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina

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