Acta Geotechnica

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 153–160 | Cite as

Damage evolution of rock salt under cyclic loading in unixial tests

  • Jianfeng Liu
  • Heping Xie
  • Zhengmeng Hou
  • Chunhe Yang
  • Liang Chen
Research Paper


Cyclic loading tests of rock salt were performed to investigate the characteristics of damage evolution of the surrounding rock in gas caverns. In this experiment, the cyclic loading process was carried out on seven stress levels from 20 to 86 % of the uniaxial compressive strength. The sine wave with a frequency of 1 Hz was adopted in the cyclic loading test. Experimental results show that at the first stress level, the damage evolution is rather limited or negligible under cyclic loading, which is controlled within the elastic limit. With the increase in stress level, the damage evolution becomes more evident. An increasing tendency of damage variable can be observed if the stress level surpasses 40 % of the uniaxial compressive strength. A maximum damage value of around 0.95 is recorded when the stress level is over 85 % of the uniaxial strength. In this paper, a damage evolution equation is also introduced and good agreement is obtained with the experimental data. Based on the experimental data, it is shown that the design practice of gas cavern concerning the degree of strength utilization of the surrounding rock is rather conservative considering the reducing effect of the minimal gas pressure on the damage evolution.


Cyclic loading Damage evolution Gas cavern Rock salt 



The authors are grateful for the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51120145001, 51104101, 51134018), the National Basic Research Projects of China (Grant No. 2011CB201201, 2010CB226802, 2010CB732005), State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Grant No. SKLGP2013K016). The authors wish to offer their gratitude and regards to the colleagues who contributed to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianfeng Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Heping Xie
    • 1
    • 3
  • Zhengmeng Hou
    • 4
    • 5
  • Chunhe Yang
    • 6
  • Liang Chen
    • 7
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Energy Engineering, Safety and Mechanics on DisastersSichuan University, Ministry of EducationChengduChina
  4. 4.Institute of Petroleum EngineeringClausthal University of TechnologyClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany
  5. 5.Sino-German Energy Research CenterSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  6. 6.Institute of Rock and Soil MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  7. 7.Beijing Research Institute of Uranium GeologyBeijingChina

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