Acta Geotechnica

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 193–201 | Cite as

Modeling of the simple shear deformation of sand: effects of principal stress rotation

  • Marte GutierrezEmail author
  • J. Wang
  • M. Yoshimine
Research Paper


The paper presents a simple constitutive model for the behavior of sands during monotonic simple shear loading. The model is developed specifically to account for the effects of principal stress rotation on the simple shear response of sands. The main feature of the model is the incorporation of two important effects of principal stress on stress–strain response: anisotropy and non-coaxiality. In particular, an anisotropic failure criterion, cross-anisotropic elasticity, and a plastic flow rule and a stress–dilatancy relationship that incorporate the effects of non-coaxiality are adopted in the model. Simulations of published experimental results from direct simple shear and hollow cylindrical torsional simple shear tests on sands show the satisfactory performance of the model. It is envisioned that the model can be valuable in modeling in situ simple shear response of sands and in interpreting simple shear test results.


Constitutive model Dilatancy Granular materials Non-coaxiality Simple shear 


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Copyright information

© US Government 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of EngineeringColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Building and ConstructionCity University of Hong KongKowloonHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringTokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachiojiJapan

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