Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 59, Issue 20, pp 2460–2469 | Cite as

Self-heating dependent characteristic of GaN-based light-emitting diodes with and without AlGaInN electron blocking layer

  • Tianhu Wang
  • Jinliang Xu
  • Xiaodong Wang
Article Engineering Thermophysics


In this study, GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with and without AlGaInN electron blocking layer (EBL) under self-heating effect are numerically studied. The energy band diagram, carrier transport and distribution characteristics, internal Joule heat and non-radiative recombination heat characteristics, and internal quantum efficiency are investigated. The effect of Auger recombination coefficient on efficiency droop under self-heating effect is also studied. The simulation results show that efficiency droop is markedly improved when an AlGaInN EBL is placed between p-type GaN layer and active region. However, the chip temperature of LED is significantly increased simultaneously. The results also indicate that Auger recombination can be neglected because it is not the major contributor for the internal heat source. The efficiency droop is unrelated to the internal heat source. However, both electron leakage and Auger recombination play important roles in efficiency droop mechanism under self-heating effect.


Light-emitting diodes Efficiency droop Self-heating Electron blocking layer Auger recombination 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1034004, 51210011, 50825603) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (12QX14).


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of New and Renewable EnergyNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer for Low Grade EnergyNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina

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