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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 59, Issue 5–6, pp 546–553 | Cite as

A new eutriconodont mammal from the early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of Liaoning, China

  • Shilin Hou
  • Jin MengEmail author
Article Geology

Abstract

A new genus and species of eutriconodont mammal, Chaoyangodens lii gen. et sp. nov., from the Dawangzhangzi bed of Yixian Formation, Lingyuan, Liaoning, is reported. The new species has a tooth formula I5-C1-P1-M3/i4-c1-p1-m4, unique among eutriconodonts in having only one premolar in lower and upper jaws, respectively, and a distinctive diastema between the canine and the premolar. Its simple incisors and reduced premolars show a mosaic combination of primitive and derived features. This new taxon adds to the diverse group of Jehol eutriconodonts. Among the known species from at least three horizons, there seems no evolutionary trend in morphology that is recognizable, except for that larger species are all from the Lujiatun bed of the Yixian Fm. A thorough and systematic analysis involving all the Jehol eutriconodonts is needed to understand their phylogenetic relationships.

Keywords

Eutriconodonta Mammalia Jehol Biota Early Cretaceous Liaoning China 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank En-Pu Gong (Northeastern University, Liaoning), Hai-Jun Li (Jizantang Paleontological Museum, Liaoning Province), and Lian-Hai Hou (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing) for their field assistance, specimen collecting, and discussion during the course of the study; Shu-hua Xie (IVPP) for specimen preparation. The manuscript was improved by anonymous comments. The study has been supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2012CB821906), Public Science and Technology Research Funds Projects of Land and Resources (201311120), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41202014) and the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Paleontological InstituteShenyang Normal UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Division of PaleontologyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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