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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 58, Issue 18, pp 2205–2211 | Cite as

Dominance rank of adult females and mating competition in Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in the Qinling Mountains, China

  • HaiXia He
  • HaiTao Zhao
  • XiaoGuang Qi
  • XiaoWei Wang
  • SongTao Guo
  • WeiHong Ji
  • ChengLiang Wang
  • Wei Wei
  • BaoGuo Li
Open Access
Article Special Issue Adaptive Evolution and Conservation Ecology of Wild Animals Progress of Projects Supported by NSFC

Abstract

Dominance hierarchy reflects resource competition in male primates as well as females. In this study, we collected data on the social rank and mating competition of female Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys from September 2009 to June 2010 in the Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi, China. Displacement was used to determine social hierarchy of the studied wild females. A total of 1223 displacement bouts between adult females and 316 mating behaviors within one-male units (OMUs) were recorded. Competitive displacement among females was very low (0.22 displacements per observation hour). The dominant ranks of females in target OMUs were determined by displacement, from one OMU to another: JB unit: YL > DBC > YCM >XBC > BD; JZT unit: XHW > JG > DT; PK unit: QQ > TM > HF; LP unit: SK > TH > WM. Higher-ranking females performed significantly more sexual behavior than lower-ranking females in this rare monkey. High-ranking females were more likely to win mating contests within those OMUs. Based on these studies, we assessed the social relationships among adult females and clarified possible explanations for the strategies of female mating competition in the OMUs. Furthermore, the notion that reproductive success may also be related to female dominance hierarchies in this polygynous species should be considered in future research.

Keywords

Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellanafemale dominance rank displacement behavior mating competition reproduction 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • HaiXia He
    • 1
  • HaiTao Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • XiaoGuang Qi
    • 1
  • XiaoWei Wang
    • 2
  • SongTao Guo
    • 1
  • WeiHong Ji
    • 2
    • 3
  • ChengLiang Wang
    • 2
  • Wei Wei
    • 1
  • BaoGuo Li
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Institute of ZoologyShaanxi Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  3. 3.Institute of Natural Resources, Massey UniversityAlbany, AucklandNew Zealand

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