Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 57, Issue 26, pp 3509–3517 | Cite as

Preliminary results of a new global ocean reanalysis

  • DongXiao Wang
  • YingHao Qin
  • XianJun Xiao
  • ZuQiang Zhang
  • FengMin Wu
Open Access
Article Oceanology

Abstract

Using a new global ocean reanalysis of the second generation Global Ocean Data Assimilation System of the Beijing Climate Center (BCC_GODAS2.0) spanning the period 1990–2009, we firstly quantify the accuracy of BCC_GODAS2.0 in representing the temperature and salinity by comparing with OISST and SODA data. The results show that the assimilation system may effectively improve the estimations of temperature and salinity by assimilating all kinds of observations, especially in the equatorial eastern Pacific. Moreover, the root mean square errors of monthly temperature and salinity are respectively reduced by 0.53°C and 0.28 psu, compared with the model control simulation results. Then, the applicability of this ocean reanalysis for sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly variability in the tropical Pacific is evaluated with the observational HadISST data. The NINO3 index of the new reanalysis shows a good agreement with that of HadISST, with a correlation of 93.6%. Variations in SST from BCC_GODAS2.0 are similar to those obtained from HadISST data along the equator, showing the major large zonal-scale features such as the strong magnitude of seasonal cycle. The amplitude of SST anomaly standard deviation in the equatorial eastern Pacific is also closer to observations (HadISST) than NCEP GODAS does. Besides, the first two leading empirical orthogonal function (EOF) modes of the monthly SST anomalies over the tropical Pacific region are explored. The EOF1 pattern of BCC_GODAS2.0 captures a traditional El Niño pattern, which improves magnitudes of the positive SST anomaly in the cold tongue of the eastern Pacific. The EOF2 pattern exhibits a El Niño Modoki pattern. Comparatively, the EOF2 pattern of BCC_GODAS2.0 extends more strongly toward the subtropics. It also overcomes the problem that negative loadings are confined in the narrow equatorial eastern Pacific. Consequently, the magnitude and spatial distribution of the leading EOF patterns of BCC_GODAS2.0 are well consistent with those of HadISST.

Keywords

BCC_GODAS2.0 temperature salinity EOF El Niño El Niño Modoki 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • DongXiao Wang
    • 1
  • YingHao Qin
    • 1
    • 2
  • XianJun Xiao
    • 3
  • ZuQiang Zhang
    • 3
  • FengMin Wu
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, South China Sea Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Climate CenterBeijingChina
  4. 4.Nanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina

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