Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 57, Issue 7, pp 769–775 | Cite as

Spreading of human neutrophils on an ICAM-1-immobilized substrate under shear flow

Open Access
Article Preclinical Medicine

Abstract

Neutrophil (PMN) spreading on endothelium, mediated by the interactions between surface-bound β2 integrin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the inflammatory cascade, is crucial for PMN post-adhesion and trans-migration in blood flow. The underlying mechanisms by which shear flow regulates PMN spreading dynamics are not well understood. Here, a parallel-plate flow chamber assay was applied to quantify the time course of PMN adhesion and spreading on an ICAM-1-immobilized substrate. Two types of shear flow, steady flows at shear stresses of 0.2, 0.5, and 1 dyne/cm2 and stepwise flows at 0, 1, and 10 dyne/cm2, were used to elucidate the impact of shear flow on cell adhesion and spreading. The number of adhered PMNs, the fraction of spreading PMNs and the projected area of spread PMNs were determined and were found to correlate with the distribution of surface-bound β2 integrin subunit (CD11a, CD11b, or CD18). The results indicate that PMN spreading on an ICAM-1 substrate is bi-directionally regulated under shear flow. CD11a, CD11b and CD18 subunits of β2 integrin contribute distinctly to PMN spreading on ICAM-1 substrates. This work provides new insights into understanding PMN spreading on the endothelium, mediated by β2 integrin and ICAM-1 under shear flow.

Keywords

neutrophil spreading β2 integrin ICAM-1 shear stress 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2011

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Microgravity, National Microgravity Laboratory and Center of Biomechanics and Bioengineering, Institute of MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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