Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 56, Issue 24, pp 2613–2620

Influenza A (H1N1) transmission by road traffic between cities and towns

  • Hong Xiao
  • HuaiYu Tian
  • Jian Zhao
  • XiXing Zhang
  • YaPin Li
  • Yi Liu
  • RuChun Liu
  • TianMu Chen
Open Access
Article Geography

DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4598-5

Cite this article as:
Xiao, H., Tian, H., Zhao, J. et al. Chin. Sci. Bull. (2011) 56: 2613. doi:10.1007/s11434-011-4598-5

Abstract

Influenza A (H1N1) was spread widely between cities and towns by road traffic and had a major impact on public health in China in 2009. Understanding regulation of its transmission is of great significance with urbanization ongoing and for mitigation of damage by the epidemic. We analyzed influenza A (H1N1) spatiotemporal transmission and risk factors along roads in Changsha, and combined diffusion velocity and floating population size to construct an epidemic diffusion model to simulate its transmission between cities and towns. The results showed that areas along the highways and road intersections had a higher incidence rate than other areas. Expressways and county roads played an important role in the rapid development stage and the epidemic peak, respectively, and intercity bus stations showed a high risk of disease transmission. The model simulates the intensity and center of disease outbreaks in cities and towns, and provides a more complete simulation of the disease spatiotemporal process than other models.

Keywords

influenza A (H1N1) road traffic spatiotemporal transmission incidence rate risk factors 
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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Xiao
    • 1
  • HuaiYu Tian
    • 1
  • Jian Zhao
    • 2
  • XiXing Zhang
    • 3
  • YaPin Li
    • 4
  • Yi Liu
    • 5
  • RuChun Liu
    • 3
  • TianMu Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Resources and Environment ScienceHunan Normal UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Peking University Health Science CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Changsha Municipal Center for Disease Prevention and ControlChangshaChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Institute of Microbiology and EpidemiologyAcademy of Military Medical ScienceBeijingChina
  5. 5.School of Mechanical, Electronic and Information EngineeringChina University of Mining and Technology (Beijing Campus)BeijingChina

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