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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 55, Issue 27–28, pp 3085–3093 | Cite as

Dendrimers as carriers for contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging

  • GuoPing Yan
  • ChaoWu Ai
  • Liang Li
  • RongFeng Zong
  • Fan Liu
Review Polymer Chemistry

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive clinical imaging modality, which has become widely used in the diagnosis of human diseases around the world. Some MRI exams include the use of contrast agents. The goal of an ideal MRI contrast agent involves the tissue- or organ-targeting materials with high relaxivity and specificity, low toxicity and side effects, suitable long intravascular duration and excretion time and high contrast enhancement with low doses, in vivo, all coupled to low overall cost. Dendrimers are synthetic, highly branched, mono-disperse macromolecules of nanometer dimensions. Properties associated with these dendrimers such as uniform size, water solubility, modifiable surface functionality and available internal cavities make them candidates for ideal carriers of MRI contrast agents. The research progress of the dendritic contrast agents is discussed.

Keywords

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents paramagnetic metal chelates dendrimers tissue or organ-targeting 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • GuoPing Yan
    • 1
  • ChaoWu Ai
    • 1
  • Liang Li
    • 1
  • RongFeng Zong
    • 1
  • Fan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringWuhan Institute of TechnologyWuhanChina

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