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Chinese Science Bulletin

, 54:3367 | Cite as

Delamination and destruction of the North China Craton

  • Shan GaoEmail author
  • JunFeng Zhang
  • WenLiang Xu
  • YongSheng Liu
Review/Geochemistry

Abstract

This article presents an overview on recent developments in studies of chemical and physical processes of lithospheric delamination with respect to destruction of the North China Craton. It is emphasized that the pyroxenite source resulting from interaction between eclogite-derived melt and peridotite is a direct consequence of delamination. The pyroxenite source thus formed has unique mineralogical and geochemical features, which characterize Mesozoic basalts of the North China Craton. Melt-peridotite interaction played an important role in refertilization of cratonic lithospheric mantle, leading to density increase, weakening and final destabilization of the North China Craton. The nature of the melt is the key to distinguish mechanisms of destructing this craton.

Keywords

delamination North China Craton melt-peridotite interaction eclogite pyroxenite 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shan Gao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • JunFeng Zhang
    • 1
  • WenLiang Xu
    • 3
  • YongSheng Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Continental DynamicsNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.College of Earth SciencesJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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