Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 54, Issue 23, pp 4507–4513 | Cite as

Sea surface temperature record from the north of the East China Sea since late Holocene

  • GuangXue LiEmail author
  • XiaoYan Sun
  • Yong Liu
  • Torsten Bickert
  • YanYan Ma


Using the alkenone paleotemperature index U 37 k , a high-resolution sea surface temperature (SST) record since 3600 a BP was reconstructed from the mud area in the north of the East China Sea. Combining with the grain size distribution curve of sensitive grain size group, which may reflect the East Asia Winter Monsoon activity, the palaeoenvironmental evolution cycle throughout the late Holocene in the area was obtained. The marine environment evolution during the last 3600 years displays a five-stage trend. (1) Temperature descending period from 0.85 cal. ka BP to present. The maximum temperature decrease amplitude is 2°C. The winter monsoon intensified and ‘Little Ice Age’ were recorded in this period. (2) Warming period from 1.90 to 0.85 cal. ka BP. The mean temperature increase amplitude is 0.8°C. The Sui-Tang warming period was recorded at about 0.85–1.35 cal. ka BP and a prominent cooling event was recorded at 1.4 cal. ka BP in this period. (3) Temperature descending period from 2.55 to 1.90 cal. ka BP. Temperature cooling amplitude is 0.9°C. This period is coincident with an integrated temperature circle recorded in the Antarctic ice core, with the temperature changes from a slow cooling stage to a rapid warming stage. (4) Temperature comparatively stable with a little ascending period from 3.2 to 2.55 cal. ka BP. Temperature warming amplitude is 0.3°C. This period is coincident with the temperature fluctuant ascending period recorded in Antarctic ice core. (5) Temperature comparatively stable with little descending period from 3.6 to 3.2 cal. ka BP. This period corresponds with the temperature fluctuant cooling period recorded in Antarctic ice core. Basically, those five periods were coincident with the Antarctic ice core record. During the global cooling stage, the SST change in the continental shelf sea can be adjusted simultaneously.


north of the East China Sea mud area U37k SST global change 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Li G X, Yang Z G, Liu Y. Environmental Study of Submarine Sediments of East China Sea Area (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press, 2005. 1–80Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peng Y J, Xiao J L, Toshio N T, et al. Distribution of core sediments of Daihai Lake in Inner Mongolia of north-central China. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 2005, 233: 467–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sun Y B, Gao S, Li J. Primary analysis on the sensitive grain-size of terrigenous sediment to environments in maginal sea (in Chinese). Chinese Sci Bull, 2003, 48: 83–87Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xiao S B, Li A C, Jiang F Q, et al. Recent 2000-year geological records of mud in the inner shelf of the East China Sea and their climatic implications. Chinese Sci Bull, 2005, 50: 466–471Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cranwell P A. Long-chain unsaturated ketone in recent lacustrine sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1985, 49: 1545–1551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cacho I, Pelejero C, Grimalt J O. C37 alkenone measurements of sea surface temperature in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean). Org Geochem, 1999, 33: 557–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sikes E L, Volkman J K, Robertson L G, et al. Alkenones and alkenes in surface waters and sediments of the southern ocean: implications for paleotemperature estimation in Polar Regions. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1996, 61: 1495–1505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eva C, Joan G, Eystein J. High resolution Uk37k’ sea surface temperature reconstruction in the Norwegian Sea during the Holocene. Quat Sci Rev, 2002, 21: 1385–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Volkman J K, Eglinton G, Corner E D S, et al. Novel unsaturated straight-chain C37-C39 methyl and ethyl ketones in marine sediments and a coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi In Douglas. Adv Org Geochem. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1980. 219–228Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yuan D L, Zhu J R, Li C Y, et al. Cross-shelf circulation in the Yellow and East China Seas indicated by MODIS satellite observations. J Mar Sys, 2008, 70: 134–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stuiver M, Reimer P J, Bard E, et al. INTCAL 98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24000-0 cal. a BP. Radiocarbon, 1998, 40: 1041–1083Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Villanueva J, Pelejero C, Grimalt J O, et al. Clean-up procedures for the unbiased estimation of C37-C39 alkenones sea surface temperatures and terrigenous n-alkane inputs in paleoceanography. J Chromatogr, 1997, 757: 145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Müller P J, Kirst G, Ruhland G, et al. Calibration of the alkenone paleotemperature index Uk37k’ based on core-tops from the Eastern South Atlantic and the global ocean (60°N-60°S). Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1998, 62: 1757–1772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pelejero C, Grimalt J O. The correlation between the Uk37k’ index and sea surface temperatures in the warm boundary: the South China Sea. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1997, 61: 4789–4797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Prahl F G, Wakebam S G. Calibration of unsaturation patterns in long-chain ketone compositions for palaeotemperature assessment. Nature, 1987, 330: 367–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li G X, Han X B, Yue S H, et al. Monthly variations of water masses in the East China Seas. Cont Shelf Res, 2006, 26: 1954–1970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Berger A, Loutre M F. Insolation values for the climate of the last 10 million of years. Quat Sci Rev, 1991, 10: 297–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sun X Y, Li G X, Liu Y, et al. Response of environmental sensitive grain size group in core FJ04 from mud area in the north of East China Sea to East Asian winter monsoon evolvement (in Chinese). Mar Geol Quat Geol, 2008, 28: 11–17Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhu K Z. Primary study on climatic change over the past 5000 a (in Chinese). Sci China Ser A-Math, 1973, 2: 168–189Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Moberg A, Sonechkin D M, Holmgren K, et al. Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data. Nature, 2005, 433: 613–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Koutavas A, Lynch-Stieglitz J, Marchitto T M, et al. El Niño-Like Pattern in Ice Age Tropical Pacific Sea Surface Temperature. Science, 2002, 297: 226–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Watanabe T, Winter A, Oba T. Seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity during the Little Ice Age in the Caribbean Sea deduced from Mg/Ca and 18O/16O ratios in coral. Mar Geol, 2001, 173: 21–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yang Y, Yuan D X, Cheng H, et al. Paleoclimate record meaning of initial 234U/238U value changing (in Chinese). Acta Geol Sin, 2008, 82: 692–701Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Xu H, Hong Y T, Lin Q H, et al. Temperature variations in the past 6000 years inferred from δ18O of pert cellulose from Hongyuan, China. Chinese Sci Bull, 2002, 47: 1578–1584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yao T D, Thompson L G. Temperature variation over the past 5000a from the record of Dunde ice core (in Chinese). Sci China Ser D-Earth Sci, 1992, 10: 1089–1093Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Liu X Q, Shen J, Wang S M, et al. A 16000-Year Paleoclimatic Record Derived from Authigenetic Carbonate of Lacustrine Sediment in Qinghai Lake (in Chinese). Geol J China Univ, 2003, 9: 38–46Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • GuangXue Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • XiaoYan Sun
    • 3
  • Yong Liu
    • 1
  • Torsten Bickert
    • 4
  • YanYan Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Marine GeosciencesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting TechniquesMinistry of EducationQingdaoChina
  3. 3.National Marine Data and Information ServiceTianjinChina
  4. 4.Department of GeoscienceUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

Personalised recommendations