Stable isotopic analysis on sus bones from the Wanfabozi site, Tonghua, Jilin
- 68 Downloads
In order to study the sus diets and explore the possibility to distinguish domestic pig from wild boar through dietary analysis, stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes of 28 pig bones from archaeological site of Wanfabozi in Tonghua City, Jilin Province were analyzed. The δ 13C and δ 15N values of uncontaminated bones show that the overall pigs in the site were generally herbivores and ate mainly C3 plants. Significant difference of δ15N values was observed between wild boar and domestic pigs, which may result from the higher consumption of animal protein in domestic pigs other than from that in wild boar, possibly from human leftover or waste,. The dietary difference between wild boar and domestic pigs has great potential to differentiate wild boar and domestic pigs in the early stage of pig domestication.
Key wordsorigin of the domestic pigs palaeodietary analysis stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes differentiation of domestic pigs from wild boar
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Hu Y W, Wang C S. The present research situation and thinking of the origin of sus domestica. Chin Cult Rel News (in Chinese), 2004-3-23Google Scholar
- 2.Yuan J. The origin of the ancient sus domestica in Chinese. Western Archeology (in Chinese), Vol. 1. Xi’an: Sanqin Publishing House, 2006, 10: 43–49Google Scholar
- 3.Giuffra E, Kijas J H, Amarger V, et al. The origin of the domestic pig: independent domestication and subsequent introgression. Genetics, 2000, 154: 1785–1791Google Scholar
- 5.Cai L Z, Qiu S H. C13 determination and ancient paleodiet analysis. Archaeology (in Chinese), 1984, 4: 949–955Google Scholar
- 10.van der Merwe N J. Carbon isotopes, photosysthesis and archaeology. Am Sci, 1982, 70: 596–606Google Scholar
- 11.Ambrose S H, Katzenberg M A. Biogeochemical Approaches to Paleodietary Analysis. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher, 2000Google Scholar
- 12.Diamond J M. Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999Google Scholar
- 13.Chen W H. Agricultural Archaeology (in Chinese). Beijing: Cultural Relics Publishing House, 2002Google Scholar
- 14.Wang J R, Li S H, Xia W F, et al. Biological characters and taming of wild pig. J Econo Anim (in Chinese), 2002, 6(3): 52–54Google Scholar