Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 52, Issue 10, pp 1372–1378 | Cite as

The record of cultivated rice from archaeobiological evidence in northwestern China 5000 years ago

  • Li XiaoQiang Email author
  • Zhou XinYing 
  • Zhang HongBin 
  • Zhou Jie 
  • Shang Xue 
  • Dodson John 
Articles Geography


Pollen, plant seeds and phytoliths from an AMS dated sediment profile at the Xishanping site indicate that the cultivation of rice might start no later than 5070 cal. a BP in the region of Tianshui, Gansu Province. It continued from 5070 to 4300 cal. a BP. This is so far the oldest and the most northwestern record of cultivated rice in Neolithic China, which extends the known region of prehistoric rice cultivation at least 2° longitude to the west. This finding provides important evidence for reconstructing the cultivation region of rice at 5000 a BP (an important time period), and its spreading history in East Asia, during the Neolithic.


archaeobiological record northwestern China Xishanping site cultivated rice 5000 years 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li XiaoQiang 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhou XinYing 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhang HongBin 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhou Jie 
    • 1
  • Shang Xue 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dodson John 
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Lab of Loess & Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Environmental ResearchAustralian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Institute for the EnvironmentBrunel UniversityUxbridgeUK

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