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Pseudoconformal equation of state in compact-star matter from topology change and hidden symmetries of QCD

  • Yong-Liang MaEmail author
  • Hyun Kyu Lee
  • Won-Gi Paeng
  • Mannque Rho
Article

Abstract

We construct a new effective field theory approach to the equation of state (EoS), dubbed pseudo-confomal model “PCM”, for nuclear and compact star matter entirely in terms of effective hadron degrees of freedom. The possible transition at n ∼(2–4)n0 (where n0 is the normal nuclear matter density) from hadron degrees of freedom to strongly-coupled quark degrees of freedom, giving rise to a soft-to-hard changeover in the EoS that can accommodate the massive stars observed, is effectuated by the topology change at n1/2 ≳ 2n0 from skyrmions to half-skyrmions without involving local order-parameter fields. The mechanism exploits possible emergence of hidden scale and local symmetries of QCD at high density, leading to a precocious “pseudo-conformal” sound velocity vs2 = 1/3 (in unit of c = 1) for n ≳ 3n0. The resulting prediction signals a drastic departure from standard nuclear many-body theory in the density regime involved in the massive stars. We suggest that the tidal deformability implemented in gravitational waves coming from coalescing neutron stars in LIGO/Virgo-type observations could pin down the location of the topology change density n1/2.

Keywords

equation of state compact star tidal deformability conformal sound velocity 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Liang Ma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hyun Kyu Lee
    • 2
  • Won-Gi Paeng
    • 3
  • Mannque Rho
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Theoretical Physics and College of PhysicsJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsHanyang UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Rare Isotope Science ProjectInstitute for Basic ScienceDaejeonKorea
  4. 4.Institut de Physique ThéoriqueCEA SaclayGif-sur-Yvette cédexFrance

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