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Quantum error rejection for faithful quantum communication over noise channels

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Abstract

Quantum state transmission is a prerequisite for various quantum communication networks. The channel noise inevitably introduces distortion of quantum states passing through either a free-space channel or a fibre channel, which leads to errors or decreases the security of a practical quantum communication network. Quantum error rejection is a useful technology to faithfully transmit quantum states over large-scale quantum channels. It provides the communication parties with an uncorrupted quantum state by rejecting error states. Usually, additional photons or degrees of freedom are required to overcome the adverse effects of channel noise. As quantum error rejection method consumes less quantum resource than other anti-noise methods, it is more convenient to perform error-rejection quantum state transmission with current technology. In this review, several typical quantum error-rejection schemes for single-photon state transmission are introduced in brief and some error-rejection schemes for entanglement distribution are also briefly presented.

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Guo, P., Gao, C., Li, T. et al. Quantum error rejection for faithful quantum communication over noise channels. Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 62, 110301 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-019-9396-8

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Key words

  • quantum state transmission
  • quantum error rejection
  • collective noise