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The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design

  • Jaime Álvarez-Muñiz
  • Rafael Alves Batista
  • Aswathi Balagopal V.
  • Julien Bolmont
  • Mauricio BustamanteEmail author
  • Washington CarvalhoJr.
  • Didier Charrier
  • Ismaël Cognard
  • Valentin Decoene
  • Peter B. Denton
  • Sijbrand De Jong
  • Krijn D. De Vries
  • Ralph Engel
  • Ke Fang
  • Chad Finley
  • Stefano Gabici
  • QuanBu Gou
  • JunHua Gu
  • Claire Guépin
  • HongBo Hu
  • Yan Huang
  • Kumiko Kotera
  • Sandra Le Coz
  • Jean-Philippe Lenain
  • GuoLiang Lü
  • Olivier Martineau-Huynh
  • Miguel Mostafá
  • Fabrice Mottez
  • Kohta Murase
  • Valentin Niess
  • Foteini Oikonomou
  • Tanguy Pierog
  • XiangLi Qian
  • Bo Qin
  • Duan Ran
  • Nicolas Renault-Tinacci
  • Markus Roth
  • Frank G. Schröder
  • Fabian Schüssler
  • Cyril Tasse
  • Charles Timmermans
  • Matías Tueros
  • XiangPing Wu
  • Philippe Zarka
  • Andreas Zech
  • B. Theodore Zhang
  • JianLi Zhang
  • Yi Zhang
  • Qian Zheng
  • Anne Zilles
Invited Review

Abstract

The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned large-scale observatory of ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic particles, with energies exceeding 108 GeV. Its goal is to solve the long-standing mystery of the origin of UHE cosmic rays. To do this, GRAND will detect an unprecedented number of UHE cosmic rays and search for the undiscovered UHE neutrinos and gamma rays associated to them with unmatched sensitivity. GRAND will use large arrays of antennas to detect the radio emission coming from extensive air showers initiated by UHE particles in the atmosphere. Its design is modular: 20 separate, independent sub-arrays, each of 10000 radio antennas deployed over 10000 km2. A staged construction plan will validate key detection techniques while achieving important science goals early. Here we present the science goals, detection strategy, preliminary design, performance goals, and construction plans for GRAND.

en

radio telescopes neutrinos in astronomical observations cosmic rays in astronomical observations radiowave radiation: sources galactic and extragalactic cosmic rays: galactic and extragalactic 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime Álvarez-Muñiz
    • 1
  • Rafael Alves Batista
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aswathi Balagopal V.
    • 4
  • Julien Bolmont
    • 5
  • Mauricio Bustamante
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    Email author
  • Washington CarvalhoJr.
    • 9
  • Didier Charrier
    • 10
  • Ismaël Cognard
    • 11
    • 12
  • Valentin Decoene
    • 13
  • Peter B. Denton
    • 6
  • Sijbrand De Jong
    • 14
    • 15
  • Krijn D. De Vries
    • 16
  • Ralph Engel
    • 17
  • Ke Fang
    • 18
    • 19
    • 20
  • Chad Finley
    • 21
    • 22
  • Stefano Gabici
    • 23
  • QuanBu Gou
    • 24
  • JunHua Gu
    • 25
  • Claire Guépin
    • 13
  • HongBo Hu
    • 24
  • Yan Huang
    • 25
  • Kumiko Kotera
    • 13
  • Sandra Le Coz
    • 25
  • Jean-Philippe Lenain
    • 5
  • GuoLiang Lü
    • 26
  • Olivier Martineau-Huynh
    • 5
    • 25
  • Miguel Mostafá
    • 27
    • 28
    • 29
  • Fabrice Mottez
    • 30
  • Kohta Murase
    • 27
    • 28
    • 29
  • Valentin Niess
    • 31
  • Foteini Oikonomou
    • 32
    • 27
    • 28
    • 29
  • Tanguy Pierog
    • 17
  • XiangLi Qian
    • 33
  • Bo Qin
    • 25
  • Duan Ran
    • 25
  • Nicolas Renault-Tinacci
    • 13
  • Markus Roth
    • 17
  • Frank G. Schröder
    • 34
    • 17
  • Fabian Schüssler
    • 35
  • Cyril Tasse
    • 36
  • Charles Timmermans
    • 14
    • 15
  • Matías Tueros
    • 37
  • XiangPing Wu
    • 38
    • 25
  • Philippe Zarka
    • 39
  • Andreas Zech
    • 30
  • B. Theodore Zhang
    • 40
    • 41
  • JianLi Zhang
    • 25
  • Yi Zhang
    • 24
  • Qian Zheng
    • 42
    • 24
  • Anne Zilles
    • 13
  1. 1.Departamento de Física de Partícular & Instituto Galego de Física de Altas EnerxíasUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências AtmosféricasUniversidade de São PauloSão Paulo-SPBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Physics—AstrophysicsUniversity of Oxford, DWBOxfordUK
  4. 4.Institute of Experimental Particle Physics (ETP)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany
  5. 5.Laboratoire de Physique Nucléeaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE)Sorbonne Université, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRSParis Cedex 5France
  6. 6.Niels Bohr InstituteNiels Bohr International Academy and DARKCopenhagenDenmark
  7. 7.Discovery CenterNiels Bohr InstituteCopenhagenDenmark
  8. 8.Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics (CCAPP) & Department of PhysicsOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  9. 9.Universidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  10. 10.SUBATECHInstitut Mines-Telecom Atlantique — CNRS/IN2P3 — Université de NantesNantesFrance
  11. 11.Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement et de l’Espace LPC2E CNRS-Université d’OrléansOrléansFrance
  12. 12.Station de Radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de ParisCNRS/INSUNançayFrance
  13. 13.Institut d’Astrophysique de ParisSorbonne Université, UMR 7095ParisFrance
  14. 14.Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP)Radboud UniversiteitNijmegenNetherlands
  15. 15.Nationaal Instituut voor Kernfysica en Hoge Energie Fysica (NIKHEF)AmsterdamNetherlands
  16. 16.IIHE/ELEMVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  17. 17.Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany
  18. 18.Einstein FellowStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  19. 19.Department of AstronomyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  20. 20.Joint Space-Science InstituteCollege ParkUSA
  21. 21.Oskar Klein CentreStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  22. 22.Department of PhysicsStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  23. 23.AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC)Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris CitéParisFrance
  24. 24.Institute of High Energy PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  25. 25.National Astronomical ObservatoriesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  26. 26.School of Physical Science and TechnologyXinjiang UniversityUrumqiChina
  27. 27.Center for Particle and Gravitational AstrophysicsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  28. 28.Department of PhysicsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  29. 29.Department of Astronomy & AstrophysicsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  30. 30.LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRSUniversité Paris Diderot, PSL Research UniversityMeudonFrance
  31. 31.CNRS/IN2P3, Lab. de Physique CorpusculaireClermont Université, Université Blaise PascalClermond-FerrandFrance
  32. 32.European Southern ObservatoryGarching bei MünchenGermany
  33. 33.Department of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringShandong Management UniversityJinanChina
  34. 34.Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  35. 35.IRFU, CEAUniversité Paris-SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  36. 36.GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRSUniversité Paris DiderotMeudonFrance
  37. 37.Instituto de Física La PlataCONICETLa PlataArgentina
  38. 38.Shanghai Astronomical ObservatoryChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  39. 39.LESIA, Observatoire de ParisCNRS, PSL/SU/UPD/SPCMeudonFrance
  40. 40.Department of Astronomy, School of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  41. 41.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and AstrophysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  42. 42.School of Engineering and Computer ScienceVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

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