A novel 3D GBSM for mmWave MIMO channels

  • Jie Huang
  • Cheng-Xiang WangEmail author
  • Yu Liu
  • Jian Sun
  • Wensheng Zhang
Research Paper


In this paper, a novel three dimensional (3D) wideband geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) for millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed. A homogeneous Poisson point process (PPP) is used to generate the clusters in 3D space. The transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) are surrounded by two spheres. The scatterers distributed in the two spheres are introduced to mimic the clustering effects of multipath components (MPCs) in delay and angular domains. The large-scale path loss model and line-of-sight (LOS) probability model are taken into account to make the channel model realistic. In addition, mmWave channel measurements are conducted in an indoor environment. Simulation results based on the two-sphere channel model are compared with measurement results and good agreements are achieved, which validates the proposed channel model. The results indicate that the proposed channel model has good adaptivity and can model the mmWave channel accurately.


3D GBSM mmWave channels homogeneous PPP LOS probability channel measurements 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61771293), Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province, EU H2020 ITN 5G Wireless Project (Grant No. 641985), EU FP7 QUICK Project (Grant No. PIRSES-GA-2013-612652), and EU H2020 RISE TESTBED Project (Grant No. 734325).


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Huang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Xiang Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yu Liu
    • 1
  • Jian Sun
    • 1
  • Wensheng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Shandong Provincial Key Lab of Wireless Communication Technologies, School of Information Science and EngineeringShandong UniversityQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, School of Engineering & Physical SciencesHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK

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