Advertisement

Aerosol printing and photonic sintering of bioresorbable zinc nanoparticle ink for transient electronics manufacturing

  • Bikram Kishore Mahajan
  • Brandon Ludwig
  • Wan Shou
  • Xiaowei Yu
  • Emmanuel Fregene
  • Hang Xu
  • Heng PanEmail author
  • Xian HuangEmail author
Research Paper

Abstract

Bioresorbable electronics technology can potentially lead to revolutionary applications in healthcare, consumer electronics, and data security. This technology has been demonstrated by various functional devices. However, majority of these devices are realized by CMOS fabrication approaches involving complex and time-consuming processes that are high in cost and low in yield. Printing electronics technology represents a series of printing and post processing techniques that hold promise to make high performance bioresorbable electronics devices. But investigation of printing approaches for bioresorbable electronics is very limited. Here we demonstrate fabrication of conductive bioresorbable patterns using aerosol printing and photonic sintering approaches. Experimental results and simulation reveals that ink compositions, photonic energy, film thickness, and ventilation conditions may influence the effect of photonic sintering. A maximum conductivity of 22321.3 S/m can be achieved using 1 flash with energy of 25.88 J/cm2 with duration of 2 ms. By combining two cascaded sintering procedures using flash light and laser further improve the conductivity to 34722.2 S/m. The results indicate that aerosol printing and photonic sintering can potentially yield mass fabrication of bioresorbable electronics, leading to prevalence of printable bioresorbable technology in consumer electronics and biomedical devices.

Keywords

bioresorbable electronics photonic sintering aerosol printing transient electronics printed electronics zinc nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by Interdisciplinary Intercampus Funding Program (IDIC) of University of Missouri System, University of Missouri Research Board (UMRB), Intelligent System Center (ISC) and Material Research Center (MRC) at Missouri University of Science and Technology. This work was also partially supported by National Science Foundation of USA (Grant No. 1363313) and ORAU Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement Award. Xian HUANG acknowledges the support of the National 1000 Talent Program. This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61604108) and Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (Grant No. 16JCYBJC40600). The authors would like to thank Mr. Brian Porter for help with XPS measurements.

Supplementary material

11432_2018_9366_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (717 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 717 KB.

References

  1. 1.
    Huang X, Liu Y, Cheng H, et al. Biomedical sensors: materials and designs for wireless epidermal sensors of hydration and strain. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24: 3845–3845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang X, Liu Y, Hwang S W, et al. Biodegradable materials for multilayer transient printed circuit boards. Adv Mater, 2014, 26: 7371–7377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hwang S W, Tao H, Kim D H, et al. A physically transient form of silicon electronics. Science, 2012, 337: 1640–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hwang S W, Huang X, Seo J H, et al. Materials for bioresorbable radio frequency electronics. Adv Mater, 2013, 25: 3526–3531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dagdeviren C, Hwang S W, Su Y, et al. Transient, biocompatible electronics and energy harvesters based on ZnO. Small, 2013, 9: 3398–3404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cavusoglu T, Yavuzer R, Basterzi Y, et al. Resorbable plate-screw systems: clinical applications. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg, 2005, 11: 43–48Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Farra R, Sheppard N F, Mc Cabe L, et al. First-in-human testing of a wirelessly controlled drug delivery microchip. Sci Translational Med, 2012, 4: 122ra21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lee C H, Kang S K, Salvatore G A, et al. Wireless microfluidic systems for programmed, functional transformation of transient electronic devices. Adv Funct Mater, 2015, 25: 5100–5106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim B H, Kim J H, Persano L, et al. Dry transient electronic systems by use of materials that sublime. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27: 1606008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sim K, Wang X, Li Y, et al. Destructive electronics from electrochemical-mechanically triggered chemical dissolution. J Micromech Microeng, 2017, 27: 065010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee C H, Jeong J W, Liu Y, et al. Materials and wireless microfluidic systems for electronics capable of chemical dissolution on demand. Adv Funct Mater, 2015, 25: 1338–1343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pardo D A, Jabbour G E, Peyghambarian N. Application of screen printing in the fabrication of organic light-emitting devices. Adv Mater, 2000, 12: 1249–1252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tekin E, Smith P J, Schubert U S. Inkjet printing as a deposition and patterning tool for polymers and inorganic particles. Soft Matter, 2008, 4: 703–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gu X, Zhou Y, Gu K, et al. Roll-to-roll printed large-area all-polymer solar cells with 5% efficiency based on a low crystallinity conjugated polymer blend. Adv Energy Mater, 2017, 7: 1–13Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saleh E, Zhang F, He Y, et al. 3D inkjet printing of electronics using UV conversion. Adv Mater Technol, 2017, 2: 1700134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ko S H, Pan H, Grigoropoulos C P, et al. All-inkjet-printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low-temperature high-resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 2007, 18: 345202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu X, Mahajan B, Shuo W, et al. Materials, mechanics, and patterning techniques for elastomer-based stretchable conductors. Micromachine, 2017, 8: 7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jones C S, Lu X, Renn M, et al. Aerosol-jet-printed, high-speed, flexible thin-film transistor made using single-walled carbon nanotube solution. Microelectron Eng, 2010, 87: 434–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sirringhaus H, Kawase T, Friend R H, et al. High-resolution inkjet printing of all-polymer transistor circuits. Science, 2000, 290: 2123–2126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kopola P, Zimmermann B, Filipovic A, et al. Aerosol jet printed grid for ITO-free inverted organic solar cells. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells, 2012, 107: 252–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen H Y, Hou J, Zhang S, et al. Polymer solar cells with enhanced open-circuit voltage and efficiency. Nat Photon, 2009, 3: 649–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xu B L, Zhao Y, Yu L K, et al. Aerosol jet printing on radio frequency identification tag applications. Key Eng Mater, 2013, 562–565: 1417–1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    van Osch T H J, Perelaer J, de Laat A W M, et al. Inkjet printing of narrow conductive tracks on untreated polymeric substrates. Adv Mater, 2008, 2: 343–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhao D, Liu T, Zhang M, et al. Fabrication and characterization of aerosol-jet printed strain sensors for multifunctional composite structures. Smart Mater Struct, 2012, 21: 115008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lee H H, Chou K S, Huang K C. Inkjet printing of nanosized silver colloids. Nanotechnology, 2005, 16: 2436–2441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sekine C, Tsubata Y, Yamada T, et al. Recent progress of high performance polymer OLED and OPV materials for organic printed electronics. Sci Tech Adv Mater, 2014, 15: 034203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Singh M, Haverinen H M, Dhagat P, et al. Inkjet printing-process and its applications. Adv Mater, 2010, 22: 673–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shou W, Mahajan B K, Ludwig B, et al. Low-cost manufacturing of bioresorbable conductors by evaporationcondensation-mediated laser printing and sintering of zn nanoparticles. Adv Mater, 2017, 29: 1–7Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hwang S W, Kim D H, Tao H, et al. Materials and fabrication processes for transient and bioresorbable highperformance electronics. Adv Funct Mater, 2013, 23: 4087–4093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Taylor S L, Jakus A E, Shah R N, et al. Iron and nickel cellular structures by sintering of 3D-printed oxide or metallic particle inks?. Adv Eng Mater, 2017, 19: 1600365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jakus A E, Taylor S L, Geisendorfer N R, et al. Metallic architectures from 3D-printed powder-based liquid inks. Adv Funct Mater, 2015, 25: 6985–6995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mahajan B K, Yu X, Shou W, et al. Mechanically milled irregular zinc nanoparticles for printable bioresorbable electronics. Small, 2017, 13: 1700065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ludwig B, Zheng Z, Shou W, et al. Solvent-free manufacturing of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep, 2016, 6: 23150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shukla A K, Neergat M, Bera P, et al. An XPS study on binary and ternary alloys of transition metals with platinized carbon and its bearing upon oxygen electroreduction in direct methanol fuel cells. J Electroanal Chem, 2001, 504: 111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Li X. Influence of substrate temperature on the orientation and optical properties of sputtered ZnO films. Mater Lett, 2003, 57: 4655–4659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mukherjee S, Ramalingam B, Gangopadhyay S. Hydrogen spillover at sub-2 nm Pt nanoparticles by electrochemical hydrogen loading. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2: 3954–3960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pal B N, Chakravorty D. Pattern formation of zinc nanoparticles in silica film by electrodeposition. J Phys Chem B, 2006, 110: 20917–20921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yatsimirskii K B, Nemoskalenko V V, Aleshin V G, et al. X-ray photoelectron spectra of mixed oxygenated cobalt(II)-amino acid-imidazole complexes. Chem Phys Lett, 1977, 52: 481–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bang S, Lee S, Ko Y, et al. Photocurrent detection of chemically tuned hierarchical ZnO nanostructures grown on seed layers formed by atomic layer deposition. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2012, 7: 290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lee Y K, Kim J, Kim Y, et al. Room temperature electrochemical sintering of Zn microparticles and its use in printable conducting inks for bioresorbable electronics. Adv Mater, 2017, 29: 1702665CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bikram Kishore Mahajan
    • 1
  • Brandon Ludwig
    • 1
  • Wan Shou
    • 1
  • Xiaowei Yu
    • 1
  • Emmanuel Fregene
    • 2
  • Hang Xu
    • 3
  • Heng Pan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xian Huang
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMissouri University of Science and TechnologyRollaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Material Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations