Guaranteeing almost fault-free tracking performance from transient to steady-state: a disturbance observer approach
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In this paper, we propose an output-feedback fault-tolerant controller (FTC) for a class of uncertain multi-input single-output systems under float and lock-in-place actuator faults. Of particular interest is to recover a fault-free tracking performance of a (pre-defined) nominal closed-loop system, during the entire time period including the transients due to abrupt actuator faults. As a key component, a highgain disturbance observer (DOB) is employed to rapidly compensate the lumped disturbance, a compressed expression of all the effect of actuator faults (as well as model uncertainty and disturbance) on the system. To implement this high-gain approach, a fixed control allocation (CA) law is presented in order to keep an extended system with a virtual scalar input to remain of minimum phase under any patterns of faults. It is shown via the singular perturbation theory that the proposed FTC, consisting of the high-gain DOB and the CA law, resolves the problem in an approximate but arbitrarily accurate sense. Simulations with the linearized lateral model of Boeing 747 are performed to verify the validity of the proposed FTC scheme.
Keywordsdisturbance observer fault-tolerant control robust control performance recovery actuator fault
This work was partly supported by Institute for Information & Communications Technology Promotion (IITP) Grant Funded by the Korea Government (MSIP) (Grant No. 2014-0-00065, Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems Research), and partly by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant Funded by the Korea Government (MSIP) (Grant No. 2015R1A2A2A01003878).
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