Turbo equalization based on joint Gaussian, SIC-MMSE and LMMSE for nonlinear satellite channels
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The nonlinear distortion of wideband signal due to the filtering and efficiently operated high power amplifiers limits the performance of satellite communications. Volterra series can be used to describe the nonlinear satellite channels effectively. Most existing equalizers simply ignore the nonlinear terms or treat all the nonlinear combinations of symbols as interference. In this study, by properly exploiting information from nonlinear terms, we propose three turbo equalizers for nonlinear satellite channels, namely, joint Gaussian (JG), soft interference cancellation-minimum mean square error (SIC-MMSE) and linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) equalizers. In JG and SIC-MMSE-based equalizers, both the linear and nonlinear terms that contain the symbol of interest are considered as desired signals. Accordingly, the required statistics are calculated based on the a priori probabilities of coded bits from output of channel decoder. For LMMSE-based equalizer, we propose to calculate the extrinsic information from output of equalizer by excluding the prior information in both the linear and nonlinear terms. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed equalizers significantly outperform the method which ignores the presence of nonlinear interferences. Moreover, the nonlinear terms that contain the symbol of interest can be exploited to further improve the performance of turbo equalization.
Keywordsnonlinear satellite channel turbo equalization joint Gaussian soft interference cancellation-minimum mean square error (SIC-MMSE) linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE)
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61471037, 61571041).
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