Science China Information Sciences

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 390–397 | Cite as

Theoretical analysis of polarization properties for tilted fiber Bragg gratings

Research Papers


The polarization properties for tilted fiber Bragg gratings (TFBGs) are investigated theoretically based on coupled-mode theory and Mueller matrix method. The expression of wavelength-related polarization-dependent loss (PDL) for TFBGs with different tilt angles is derived and calculated. Simulation results are compared, and the results indicate that the polarization capability of TFBGs with 45° angle is stronger than other TFBGs with smaller angles. The degree of polarization for unpolarized light passing TFBGs is also simulated to further evaluate the polarization properties for various tilt angles. In addition, the relationship between physical parameters of a TFBG and its polarization capability is discussed.


coupled-mode theory degree of polarization (DOP) Mueller matrix method polarization dependent loss (PDL) tilted fiber Bragg gratings 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Li Y, Brown T G. Radiation modes and tilted fiber gratings. J Opt Soc Am B, 2006, 23: 1544–1555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Erdogan T, Sipe J E. Tilted fiber phase gratings. J Opt Soc Am A, 1996, 13: 296–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhou K, Simpson G, Chen X, et al. High extinction ratio in-fiber polarizers based on 45° tilted fiber Bragg gratings. Opt Lett, 2005, 12: 1285–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mihailov S J, Walker R B, Stocki T J, et al. Fabrication of tilted fiber-grating polarization-dependent loss equalizer. Eletron Lett, 2001, 37(5): 284–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reyes P I C, Westbrook P S. Tunable PDL of twisted-tilted fiber gratings. IEEE Photon Technol Lett, 2003, 15: 828–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Peupelmann J, Krause E, Bandemer A, et al. Fiber-polarimeter based on grating taps. Electron Lett, 2002, 38: 1248–1250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Westbrook P S, Strasser T A, Erdogan T. In-line polarimeter using blazed fiber gratings. IEEE Photon Technol Lett, 2000, 12: 1352–1354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nemova G, Chauve J, Kashyap R. Design of sidetap fiber Bragg grating filters. Opt Commun, 2006, 259: 649–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhu Y, Simova E, Berini P, et al. A comparison of wavelength dependent polarization dependent loss measurements in fiber gratings IEEE Trans Instrum Meas, 2000, 49: 1231–1239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bette S, Caucheteur C, Wuilpart M, et al. Theoretical and experimental study of differential group delay and polarization dependent loss of Bragg gratings written in birefringent fibe. Opt Commun, 2007, 269: 331–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xu O, Lu S H, Liu Y, et al. Analysis of spectral characteristics for reflective tilted fiber gratings of uniform periods. Opt Commun, 2008, 281: 3990–3995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Douay M, Xie W X, Taunay T, et al. Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibers. J Lightwave Technol, 1997, 15: 1329–1342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Caucheteur C, Wuilpart M, Bette S, et al. Wavelength dependency of degree of polarization for uniform Bragg gratings written into polarization maintaining optical fiber. Opt Commun, 2005, 247: 325–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Information EngineeringGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Institute of Lightwave TechnologyBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations