Mechanism and mitigation of spontaneous Ga whisker growth on Cr2GaC

  • PeiGen Zhang
  • JianXiang Ding
  • YuShuang Liu
  • Li Yang
  • WuBian TianEmail author
  • Jian Ouyang
  • YaMei Zhang
  • ZhengMing SunEmail author


Spontaneous growth of A-element whiskers on Mn+1AXn (MAX for short) phase materials poses a barrier to their practical applications, since it casts doubts on their stability. In this study, Ga whisker growth on sintered Cr2GaC samples was investigated. The elemental source for spontaneous growth of Ga whiskers is identified as the free Ga contained in the Cr2GaC material, not the lattice atoms from Cr2GaC grains, which removes the doubts on the stability of Cr2GaC material. The growth behavior and morphologies of the Ga whiskers follow a new catalysis-based model, with cleavage planes of Cr2GaC grains involved as nucleation sites. This model explains and predicts well the growth behavior of the whiskers. The mitigation strategy based on this model is in principle simple: to prevent free Ga in Cr2GaC material or limit it to a certain level; to avoid cleavage plane of Cr2GaC grains; to achieve high density of the Cr2GaC material.

MAX phase whisker growth nucleation model mitigation strategy 


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PeiGen Zhang
    • 1
  • JianXiang Ding
    • 1
  • YuShuang Liu
    • 1
  • Li Yang
    • 1
  • WuBian Tian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jian Ouyang
    • 1
  • YaMei Zhang
    • 2
  • ZhengMing Sun
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Construction Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina

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