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Science China Technological Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 998–1009 | Cite as

Climatology of global gravity wave activity and dissipation revealed by SABER/TIMED temperature observations

  • Jing Shuai
  • ShaoDong ZhangEmail author
  • ChunMing Huang
  • Fan YI
  • KaiMing Huang
  • Quan Gan
  • Yun Gong
Article

Abstract

Gravity wave activity and dissipation in the height range from the low stratosphere to the low thermosphere (25–115 km) covering latitudes between 50°S and 50°N are statistically studied by using 9-year (January 22, 2002–December 31, 2010) SABER/TIMED temperature data. We propose a method to extract realistic gravity wave fluctuations from the temperature profiles and treat square temperature fluctuations as GW activity. Overall, the gravity wave activity generally increases with height. Near the equator (0°–10°), the gravity wave activity shows a quasi-biennial variation in the stratosphere (below 40 km) while from 20° to 30°, it exhibits an annual variation below 40 km; in low latitudes (0°–30°) between the upper stratosphere and the low thermosphere (40–115 km), the gravity wave activity shows a semi-annual variation. In middle latitudes (40°–50°), the gravity wave activity has a clear annual variation below 85 km. In addition, we observe a four-monthly variation with peaks occurring usually in April, August, December in the northern hemisphere and in February, June, October in the southern hemisphere, respectively, above 85 km in middle latitudes, which has been seldom reported in gravity wave activity. In order to study the dissipation of gravity wave propagation, we calculate the gravity wave dissipation ratio, which is defined as the ratio of the gravity wave growth scale height to the atmosphere density scale height. The height variation of the dissipation ratio indicates that strong gravity wave dissipation mainly concentrates in the three height regions: the stratosphere (30–60 km), the mesopause (around 85 km) and the low thermosphere (above 100 km). Besides, gravity wave energy enhancement can be also observed in the background atmosphere.

Keywords

gravity wave dissipation climatology middle and high atmosphere TIMED/SABER 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Shuai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • ShaoDong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • ChunMing Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fan YI
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • KaiMing Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Quan Gan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yun Gong
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Electronic Information SchoolWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment and GeodesyMinistry of EducationWuhanChina
  3. 3.State Observatory for Atmospheric Remote SensingWuhanChina

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