Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 63, Issue 1, pp 78–92 | Cite as

Theoretical and numerical studies of chorus waves: A review

  • Xin TaoEmail author
  • Fulvio Zonca
  • Liu Chen
  • Yifan Wu


Theoretical and numerical models of chorus waves are reviewed in this paper. Specifically, we focus on the nonlinear wave particle interactions and the current understanding of the frequency chirping of rising tone chorus waves. Various other related topics, such as the optimal excitation condition of chorus, the formation of subpackets, and the non-adiabaticity of the nonlinear interaction are also discussed. We end this review paper with a short list of questions of chorus waves that are still under research and debate.


Chorus waves Frequency chirping Triggered emissions 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41631071, 41674174, and 41474142), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.


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© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, Department of Geophysics and Planetary SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.CAS Center for Excellence in Comparative PlanetologyHefeiChina
  3. 3.ENEA Centro Ricerche FrascatiFrascatiItaly
  4. 4.Institute of Fusion Theory and Simulation and Department of PhysicsZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  5. 5.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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