Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 62, Issue 11, pp 1783–1804 | Cite as

Late Mesozoic tectonostratigraphic division and correlation of the Bohai Bay basin: Implications for the Yanshanian Orogeny

  • Jichang Zhu
  • Youliang FengEmail author
  • Qing-Ren Meng
  • Fengcheng Wu
  • Hao Li
  • Haitao Liu
  • Feipeng Zhang
  • Tianyu Wang
  • Guoli Wu
  • Caineng Zou
  • Rixiang Zhu
Research Paper


We present the results of Mesozoic sequences of the Bohai Bay basin in North China, based mainly on geochronology and interpretations of seismic profiles and logging data. Five tectono-stratigraphic sequences are defined: Lower-Middle Triassic, Lower-Middle Jurassic, Upper Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous and Upper Cretaceous. Based on an analysis of detrital zircons, the clastic rocks recorded two intervals of Jurassic magmatic activity, during 180–175 and 160–152 Ma, which can be correlated to the Nandaling and Tiaojishan Formations in the Yanshan area, respectively. However, since Jurassic volcanic rocks have not yet been found in the Bohai Bay basin, we speculate that these two stages of activity were mainly concentrated around the periphery of the North China Craton (NCC) rather than within. Based on an analysis of zircons from volcanic rocks and pyroclastics, the early Cretaceous magmatism in the Bohai Bay basin can be divided into two stages, 125–120 and 110–100 Ma, which can be correlated to magmatism in the eastern part of the NCC. The zircon ages indicate an absence of volcanic activity during the late Tuchengzi and Zhangjiakou periods which may correlate to the uplift of the Bohai Bay basin in the late Late Jurassic. Comparison of the development of Mesozoic basins and sedimentary strata in the central-eastern part of Yanshan tectonic belt and the the Bohai Bay basin indicates that the two areas are generally comparable, but with substantial differences. The central-eastern part of the Yanshan structural belt lacks Early-Middle Triassic strata, and the Bohai Bay basin lacks late Jurassic-early Cretaceous strata. Based on research results from late Mesozoic sedimentary structures in the central and eastern parts of the Yanshan tectonic belt, we infer that episode A of the Yanshanian Orogeny was weak in the Bohai Bay basin and its periphery, while episode B of the Yanshanian Orogeny had a strong influence on the Bohai Bay basin and its periphery. The available data reveal differences in the expression of these episodes: the Bohai Bay basin is characterized by vertical uplift, and the northern margin of NCC is characterized by horizontal compression uplift.


Yanshanian Orogeny Late Mesozoic Central-eastern part of Yanshan tectonic belt The Bohai Bay basin Tectonostratigraphic division 


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We thank the Institute of China Petroleum Dagang Oilfield Exploration and Development Research for permission to publish relevant data. Jichang Zhu is very grateful to Professors Jianzhong Li, Shaobo Liu, Haitao Liu, Xiugang Pu and Wenya Jiang for their valuable support; and to Professors Chenglong Deng, Yan Chen, Wei Lin, Hongqi Yuan, and Dr. Weiyan Chen for their kind and conscientious assistance. We are also grateful to the two anonymous reviewers, whose insightful and constructive suggestions have helped us to improve this paper. This work was supported by the National Key R & D Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0600406), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41688103 and 41702237), the National Oil & Gas Project (Grant No. 2016ZX05006-005), the Major National Science and Technology Projects (Grant No. 2017ZX05008006-002-001) and the State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution (Grant No. Z201604).

Supplementary material

11430_2018_9382_MOESM1_ESM.docx (189 kb)
Appendix Table S1 Age details of Mesozoic samples from the Bohai Bay basin


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© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jichang Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Youliang Feng
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Qing-Ren Meng
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fengcheng Wu
    • 4
  • Hao Li
    • 5
  • Haitao Liu
    • 4
  • Feipeng Zhang
    • 6
  • Tianyu Wang
    • 4
  • Guoli Wu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Caineng Zou
    • 4
  • Rixiang Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsCASBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Innovation Academy for Earth ScienceCASBeijingChina
  4. 4.PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and DevelopmentBeijingChina
  5. 5.Institute of Sinopec Exploration and Development ResearchBeijingChina
  6. 6.School of GeosciencesChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina

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