Neogene integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China

Review SPECIAL TOPIC: Integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China
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Abstract

The widely exposed Chinese Neogene terrestrial deposits provide the best circumstance for the establishment of an accurate chronostratigraphic system of Eurasia, and the rapidly evolved mammalian fossils contribute efficiently to the division and correlation of Asian Neogene strata. A uniform Neogene biostratigraphic framework for China has already been established, with seven mammalian ages named. With a developed stratigraphic basis for the geochronologic “ages”, seven chronostratigraphic “stage” have been established for the Chinese Neogene terrestrial strata, namely the Miocene Xiejian, Shanwangian, Tunggurian, Bahean, and Baodean stages, and the Pliocene Gaozhuangian and Mazegouan stages. Based on a series of research achievements, refined biostratigraphic, paleomagnetic and isotopic methods were combined and applied to continuous sections, and a Chinese Neogene chronostratigraphic sequence with accurate geological ages was established and improved in recent years. The lower boundaries of most of the stages could be correlated with those of the marine stages in the International Chronostratigraphic Chart, except the Tunggurian Stage, which is correlated with the European land mammal age. The biostratigraphic markers of the Chinese Neogene stages are usually first appearance of a single taxon, some representing regional species replacement, others indicating intercontinental migration of certain taxa. Candidate stratotype sections have been proposed for all the Chinese Neogene stages according to the principle and rule of modern stratigraphy, and other Chinese Neogene strata in different regions are comprehensively correlated.

Keywords

Neogene Stage/age Mammal Biostratigraphy Chronostratigraphy Magnetostratigraphy China 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

We appreciated Profs. Qiu Zhanxiang, Qiu Zhuding, Lawrence Flynn, Wang Xiaoming, and Meng Jin for their guidance and assistance in the fieldwork and during the research. This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41430102), the Strategic Priority Cultivating Research Program, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDPB05), the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. QYZDY-SSWDQC022), the Science and Technology Basic Work Research Program (Grant No. 2015FY310100-14), and the Chinese Commission on Stratigraphy (Grant No. DD20160120-04).

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© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.CAS Center for Excellence in Life and PaleoenvironmentBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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