Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 59, Issue 11, pp 2121–2141 | Cite as

A study on the Dushiling tungsten-copper deposit in the Miao’ershan-Yuechengling area, Northern Guangxi, China: Implications for variations in the mineralization of multi-aged composite granite plutons

  • WenDi Chen
  • WenLan ZhangEmail author
  • RuCheng Wang
  • ZhuYin Chu
  • Rong Xiao
  • Di Zhang
  • XuDong Che
Research Paper


The polymetallic Dushiling W-Cu deposit is a large, altered, skarn-type deposit, located in the northeastern part of the Miao’ershan-Yuechengling pluton, China. Two types of granite have been identified in the deposit: a medium-grained porphyritic biotite granite, and a medium- to fine-grained biotite granite. Both are spatially and temporally related to ore bodies, suggesting they may be the source of mineralization in the deposit. A medium- to fine-grained porphyritic biotite granite is exposed at the surface in the region of mineralization. U-Pb dating of zircons yielded magmatic ages of 423 Ma for the medium-grained porphyritic biotite granite and 421 Ma for the medium- to fine-grained porphyritic biotite granite, while a younger age (217 Ma) obtained for surface samples indicates later diagenesis. Thus, magmatism occurred during the Caledonian and Indosinian, respectively. The petrological and geochemical characteristics of the two Caledonian granites show that both are calc-alkaline and peraluminous. They are moderately enriched in Cs, Rb, U, and REE, and strongly depleted in Sr,Ba,P,and Ti; they show similar REE behavior, including negative Eu anomalies. These geochemical similarities suggest that the two granites were derived from the same source, although they were emplaced during different stages of the evolution of the magma. Furthermore, the granites are associated with mineralization, suggesting they were the source of mineralization in the Dushiling W-Cu deposit. Sm-Nd ages of scheelite from the Dushiling W-Cu deposit indicate that metallogenesis occurred at 417±35 Ma, while the two types of titanite, intergrown with scheelite, yield U-Pb ages of 423–425 Ma (in altered granite sample) and 218 Ma (in skarn sample). These ages place the main mineralization event in the late Caledonian, and later magmatic-hydrothermal activity occurred in the Indosinian. The ages obtained for the Dushiling W-Cu deposit in the western Nanling Range, northern Yuechengling, together with the occurrence and ages of the Niutangjie W deposit in southern Yuechengling, provide insight into the process of ore concentration during the Caledonian and Indosinian.


Dushiling W-Cu deposit Ore-bearing granite Multi-aged mineralization Scheelite Sm-Nd dating Titanite U-Pb dating 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andersen T. 2002. Correction of common lead in U-Pb analyses that do not report 204Pb. Chem Geol, 192: 59–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anglin C D, Jonasson I R, Franklin J M. 1996. Sm-Nd dating of scheelite and tourmaline: Implication for the genesis of Archean gold deposits, Val d'Or, Canada. Econ Geol, 91: 1372–1382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell K, Anglin C D, Franklin J M. 1989. Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr isotope systematics of scheelites: Possible implications for the age and genesis of vein-hosted gold deposits. Geology, 17: 500–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boynton W V. 1984. Cosmochemistry of the rare-earth elements: Meteorite studies. In: Rare-earth Element Geochemistry II. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 63–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brugger J, Maas R, Lahaye Y, McRae C, Ghaderi M, Costa S, Lambert D, Bateman R, Prince K. 2002. Origins of Nd-Sr-Pb isotopic variations in single scheelite grains from Archaean gold deposits, Western Australia. Chem Geol, 182: 203–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen J, Wang R C, Zhu J C, Lu J J, Ma D S. 2013. Multiple-aged granitoids and related tungsten-tin mineralization in the Nanling Range, South China. Sci China Earth Sci, 56: 2045–2055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen P R. 2004. Geodynamic setting of Mesozoic magmatism and its relationgship to uranium metallogenesis in southeastern China (in Chinese with English abstract). Uran Geol, 20: 266–270Google Scholar
  8. Chen Y C, Pei R F, Zhang H L, Zhang H L, Lin X D, Ge B, Li C Y, Hu Y J, Liu Q, Xian B Q. 1989. The Geology of Non-ferrous and Rare Metal Deposits Related to Mesozoic Granitoids in Nanling Region (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 1–507Google Scholar
  9. Chen Y W, Bi X W, Hu R Z, Qi H W. 2009. Comparison of geochemical characteristic of uranium- and non-uranium-bearing Indosinian granites in Guidong composite pluton (in Chinese with English abstract). J Miner Petrol, 29: 106–114Google Scholar
  10. Cheng S B, Fu J M, Ma L Y, Jiang G X, Chen X Q, Lu Y Y, Tong X R. 2013. Indosinian metallogentic activity in Yuechengling-Miaoershan area, northeastern Guangxi: Implications from zircon U-Pb ages and Hf isotopic constraint on ore-forming granites in Youmaling and Jiepai deposits (in Chinese with English abstract). Geol China, 40: 1189–1201Google Scholar
  11. Cheng X K, Huang Y P, Hao L Z, Zhou H. 2009. The Minerral Ecploration Prediction of Tungsten Tin Molybdenum of the Granite's Eastern Part in Yuechengling Quanzhou Guangxi (in Chinese with English abstract). Sci Tech Inf, 9: 118–119Google Scholar
  12. Chu Z, Chen F, Yang Y, Guo J. 2009. Precise determination of Sm, Nd concentrations and Nd isotopic compositions at the nanogram level in geological samples by thermal ionization mass spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom, 24: 1534–1544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eichhorn R, Höll R, Jagout E, Schärer U. 1997. Dating scheelite stages: A strontium, neodymium, lead approach from the Felhertal tungsten deposit, Central Alps, Austria. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 61: 5005–5022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fang S Y, Fan L T, Zhu K R, Shu X J, OuYang P N, Xiao J J. 2007. Study on mineralization structures of vein shape granite type uranium deposit and prospecting prognosis in Menggongjie (in Chinese with English abstract). Uran Geol, 23: 138–144Google Scholar
  15. Gao J F, Lu J J, Lai M Y, Lin Y P, Pu W. 2003. Analysis of trace elements in rock samples using HR-ICPMS (in Chinese with English abstract). J Nanjing Univ (Nat Sci), 39: 844–850Google Scholar
  16. Griffin W L, Belousova E A, Shee S R, Pearson N J, O’Reilly S Y. 2004. Archean crustal evolution in the northern Yilgarn Craton: U–Pb and Hf-isotope evidence from detrital zircons. Precambrian Res, 131: 231–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Griffin W L, Powell W J, Pearson N J, O’reilly S Y, Sylvester P. 2008. GLITTER: Data reduction software for laser ablation ICP-MS. In: Sylvester P, ed. Laser Ablation-ICP-MS in the Earth Sciences: Current Practices and Outstanding Issues. Mineral Ass Canada Short Course, 40: 308–311Google Scholar
  18. Guangxi Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources. 1985. Regional Geology of the Guangxi Autonomous Region (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 1–492Google Scholar
  19. Hoskin P W O, Black L P. 2000. Metamorphic zircon formation by solidstate recrystallization of protolith igneous zircon. J Metamorph Geol, 18: 423–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hu H, Wang R C, Chen W F, Chen P R, Ling H F, Liu G N. 2013. Timing of hydrothermal activity associated with the Douzhashan uranium-bearing granite and its significance for uranium mineralization in northeastern Guangxi, China. Chin Sci Bull, 58: 4319–4328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hu K W, Dong F Q, Huang R C. 2011. Geological characteristics and orecontrolling conditions of skarn type copper-tungsten deposites in Jiepai Area, Hunan Province (in Chinese with English abstract). Miner Resour Geol, 25: 189–192Google Scholar
  22. Hua R M, Chen P R, Zhang W L, Lu J J. 2005. Three major metallogenic events in Mesozoic in South China (in Chinese with English abstract). Miner Deposit, 24: 99–107Google Scholar
  23. Hua R M, Mao J W. 1999. A preliminary discussion on the Mesozoic metallogenic explosion in East China (in Chinese with English abstract). Miner Deposit, 18: 300–308Google Scholar
  24. Huang J Q, Chen T Y. 1986. On the problem of polycyclic mineralization of tungsten and tin deposits in South China (in Chinese with English abstract). Geol Rev, 32: 138–143Google Scholar
  25. IG-CAS (Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Acadmy of Sciences). 1979. Geochemistry of Granitoids in Southern China (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press. 1–421Google Scholar
  26. Kent A J R, Campbell I H, McCulloch M T. 1995. Sm-Nd systematics of hydrothermal scheelite from the Mount Charlotte Mine, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: An isotopic link between gold mineralization and komatiites. Econ Geol, 90: 2329–2335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kwak T A P. 1987. W-Sn skarn deposits and related metamorphic skarns and granitoids. Dev Econ Geol, 24: 1–451Google Scholar
  28. Li J W, Deng X D, Zhou M F, Liu Y S, Zhao X F, Guo J L. 2010. Laser ablation ICP-MS titanite U-Th-Pb dating of hydrothermal ore deposits: A case study of the Tonglushan Cu-Fe-Au skarn deposit, SE Hubei Province, China. Chem Geol, 270: 56–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li X F, Feng Z H, Xiao R, Song C, Yang F, Wang C Y, Kang Z Q, Mao W. 2012. Spatial and temporal distributions and the geological setting of the W-Sn-Mo-Nb-Ta deposits at Northeast Guangxi, South China (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Geol Sin, 86: 1713–1725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Li Y Q, Zhong X Y. 1991. Mineralogy of Tungsten Deposits in Nanling and Neighboring Area, China (in Chinese). Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press. 1–91Google Scholar
  31. Ling H F. 2011. Origin of hydrothermal fluids of granite-type uranium deposits: Constraints from redox conditions (in Chinese with English abstract). Geol Rev, 57: 193–206Google Scholar
  32. Liu J S, Zhang B T. 1989. Tectonic alteration and uranium mineralization (in Chinese with English abstract). Geotect Metal, 13: 168–175Google Scholar
  33. Liu Y, Deng J, Li C F, Shi G H, Zheng A L. 2007. REE composition in scheelite and scheelite Sm-Nd dating for the Xuebaoding W-Sn-Be deposit in Sichuan. Chin Sci Bull, 52: 2543–2550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ludwig K R. 2003. Isoplot 3. 00: A geochronological toolkit for micrsoft excel. Berkeley Geochronol Center Spec Pub, 4: 1–71Google Scholar
  35. Mao J W, Hua R M, Li X B. 1999. A preliminary study of large-scale metallogenesis and large clusters of mineral deposits (in Chinese with English abstract). Miner Deposit, 18: 291–299Google Scholar
  36. Mao J W, Xie G Q, Guo C L, Chen Y C. 2007. Large-scale tungsten-tin mineralization in the Nanling region, South China: metallogenic ages and corresponding geodynamic processes (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Petrol Sin, 23: 2329–2338Google Scholar
  37. Newberry R J. 1998. W- and Sn-skarn deposits: A 1998 status report. In Lentz D R, ed. Mineralized Intrusion-related Skarn Systems. Mineral Ass Canada Short Course Ser, 26: 289–335Google Scholar
  38. Peng J. 2002. Sm-Nd isotope dating of hydrothermal calcites from the Xi-kuangshan antimony deposit, Central Hunan. Chin Sci Bull, 47: 1134–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shi S H, Hu R Z, Wen H J, Sun R L, Wang J S, Chen H. 2010. Geochronology of the Shazijiang uranium ore deposit, northern Guangxi, China: U-Pb ages of pitchblende and their geological significance (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Geol Sin, 84: 1175–1182Google Scholar
  40. Sun J F, Yang J H, Wu F Y, Li X H, Yang Y H, Xie L W, Wilde S A. 2010. Magma mixing controlling the origin of the Early Cretaceous Fangshan granitic pluton, North China Craton: In situ U–Pb age and Sr-, Nd-, Hfand O-isotope evidence. Lithos, 120: 421–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sun J F, Yang J H, Wu F Y, Xie L W, Yang Y H, Liu Z C, Li X H. 2012. In situ U-Pb dating of titanite by LA-ICPMS. Chin Sci Bull, 57: 2506–2516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sun S S, McDonough W F. 1989. Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: Implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders A D, Norry M J, eds. Magmatism in Ocean Basins. Geol Soc Lond Spec Publ, 42: 313–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tera F, Wasserburg G J. 1972. U-Th-Pb systematics in three Apollo 14 basalts and the problem of initial Pb in lunar rocks. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 14: 281–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wu J, Liang H Y, Huang W T, Wang C L, Sun W D, Sun Y L, Li J, Mo J H, Wang X Z. 2012. Indosinian isotope ages of plutons and deposits in southwestern Miaoershan-Yuechengling, northeastern Guangxi and implications on Indosinian mineralization in South China. Chin Sci Bull, 57: 1024–1035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wu Y, Zheng Y. 2004. Genesis of zircon and its constraints on interpretation of U-Pb age. Chin Sci Bull, 49: 1554–1569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Xie X H, Chen W F, Zhao K D, Sun T, Chen P R, Jiang S Y, Zhu K R, Li W W. 2008. Geochemical characteristics and geochronology of the Douzhashan granite, northeastern Guangxi, China (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Petrol Sin, 24: 1302–1312Google Scholar
  47. Xu K Q, Sun N, Wang D Z, Hu S X. 1963. Investigation on the polycyclic granite intrusions of southern China, with special notice on their ages of intrusions, distribution, characteristics, and their genetic relations to mineral deposits (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Geol Sin, 43: 141–155Google Scholar
  48. Yang Y H, Sun J F, Xie L W, Fan H R, Wu F Y. 2008. In situ Nd isotopic measurement of natural geological materials by LA-MC-ICPMS. Chin Sci Bull, 53: 1062–1070Google Scholar
  49. Yang Z, Wang R C, Zhang W L, Chu Z Y, Chen J, Zhu J C, Zhang R Q. 2014. Skarn-type tungsten mineralization associated with the Caledonian (Silurian) Niutangjie granite, northern Guangxi, China. Sci China Earth Sci, 57: 1551–1566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yang Z, Zhang W L, Wang R C, Lu J J, Xie L, Che X D. 2013. Geochronology and geochemical characteristics of metallogenetic pluton in the Youmaling tungsten mining area, northern Guangxi, and its geological significance (in Chinese with English abstract). Geol J China Univ, 19: 159–172Google Scholar
  51. Yuan H, Gao S, Liu X, Li H, Günther D, Wu F. 2004. Accurate U-Pb Age and Trace Element Determinations of Zircon by Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. Geostand Geoanal Res, 28: 353–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang D, Zhang W L, Wang R C, Chu Z Y, Gong M W, Jiang G X. 2015. Quartz-vein type Tungsten mineralization associated with the Indosinian (Triassic) Gaoling Granite, Miao'ershan area, Northern Guangxi (in Chinese with English abstract). Geol Rev, 61: 817–834Google Scholar
  53. Zhang J G, Chen X. 2011. Geological features and ore control factors for the Jiepai W-Cu Deposit in Xinning, Hunan (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Geol Sichuan, 31: 153–156Google Scholar
  54. Zhang W L, Wang R C, Lei Z H, Hua R M, Zhu J C, Lu J J, Xie L, Che X D, Zhang R Q, Yao Y, Chen J. 2011. Zircon U-Pb dating confirms existence of a Caledonian scheelite-bearing aplitic vein in the Penggongmiao granite batholith, South Hunan. Chin Sci Bull, 56: 2031–2036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhao K D, Jiang S Y. 2004. Direct isotope dating for metallic ore deposits (in Chinese with English abstract). Earth Sci Front, 11: 425–434Google Scholar
  56. Zhu Q Q, Xie G Q, Jiang Z S, Sun J F, Li W. 2014. Characteristics and in situ U-Pb dating of hydrothermal titanite by LA-ICPMS of the Jingshandian iron skarn deposit, Hubei Province: Direct isotope dating for metallic ore deposits (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Petrol Sin, 30: 1322–1338Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • WenDi Chen
    • 1
  • WenLan Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • RuCheng Wang
    • 1
  • ZhuYin Chu
    • 2
  • Rong Xiao
    • 3
  • Di Zhang
    • 2
  • XuDong Che
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Hunan Institute of Geological SurveyChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations