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Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 17–24 | Cite as

Microbial D-amino acids and marine carbon storage

  • ZiLian ZhangEmail author
  • Qiang Zheng
  • NianZhi Jiao
Review

Abstract

In nature, there are two conformational types of amino acids: L- and D-isomers. The L-amino acids are the predominant form and are used mainly for protein synthesis, while the D-amino acids are few in quantity but more diverse in terms of their biological functions. D-amino acids are produced by many marine microbes, which are important players in carbon and energy cycles in the ocean. As the major constituent of the marine organic carbon pool, D-amino acids can persist in the water column for a long time before being further transformed by chemical or biological processes or transported through physical processes (such as absorption and aggregation). This article reviews the microbial synthesis of D-amino acids, their physiological function and metabolism in microbes, and the contribution of D-amino acids as a carbon source to the oceanic carbon reservoir.

Keywords

microbe D-amino acid dissolved organic carbon marine carbon storage 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Institute of Marine Microbes and EcospheresXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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