Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 53, Issue 5, pp 633–641 | Cite as

Precise dating of abrupt shifts in the Asian Monsoon during the last deglaciation based on stalagmite data from Yamen Cave, Guizhou Province, China

  • Yan Yang
  • DaoXian Yuan
  • Hai Cheng
  • MeiLiang Zhang
  • JiaMing Qin
  • YuShi Lin
  • XiaoYan Zhu
  • R. Lawrence Edwards
Research Paper


Based on 33 U/Th dates and 1020 oxygen isotopic data from stalagmite Y1 from Yamen Cave, Guizhou Province, China, a record of the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) was established. The record covers the last deglaciation and the early Holocene (from 16.2 to 7.3 ka BP) with an average oxygen isotope resolution of 9 years. The main millennial-scale deglacial events first identified in Greenland (Greenland Interstadial Events: GIS 1e through GIS 1a) and later in China are clearly present in the Y1 record. By analogy to earlier work, we refer to these as Chinese Interstadials (CIS): CIS A.1e to CIS A.1a. The onset of these events in Y1 δ 18O records are nominally dated at: 14750±50, 14100±60, 13870±80, 13370±80, and 12990±80 a BP. The end of CIS A.1a or the beginning of the Younger Dryas (YD) event is nominally at 12850±50 a BP and the end of the YD dates to 11500±40 a BP. The δ 18O values shift by close to 3‰ during the transition into the Bølling-Allerød (BA, the onset of CIS A.1e) and at the end of the YD. Comparisons of Y1 to previously published early Holocene records show no significant phase differences. Thus, the East Asia Monsoon and the Indian Monsoon do not appear to have been out of phase during this interval. The Y1 record confirms earlier work that suggested that solar insolation and North Atlantic climate both affect the Asian Monsoon.


stalagmite Asian Monsoon the last deglaciation Holocene U-series dating Yamen Cave 


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • DaoXian Yuan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hai Cheng
    • 3
  • MeiLiang Zhang
    • 2
  • JiaMing Qin
    • 2
  • YuShi Lin
    • 2
  • XiaoYan Zhu
    • 2
  • R. Lawrence Edwards
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Geographical SciencesSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Karst Dynamics Laboratory, Ministry of Land and Resources, Institute of Karst GeologyChinese Academy of Geological SciencesGuilinChina
  3. 3.Department of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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