Science in China Series D

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 295–303 | Cite as

Paleomagnetic dating of the Cenjiawan Paleolithic site in the Nihewan Basin, northern China

  • Wang Hongqiang 
  • Deng Chenglong 
  • Zhu Rixiang Email author
  • Xie Fei 


Rock magnetic and magnetostratigraphic investigations on a lacustrine sequence in the Nihewan Basin, northern China, which bears the Cenjiawan Paleolithic site, indicate that the dominant magnetic mineral and remanence carrier contained in the sediments is magnetite. While hematite co-exists with magnetite in some portions of the Cenjiawan sequence, where characteristic remanent magnetizations are carried by both magnetite and hematite. Measurements of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility confirm that the Cenjiawan sequence has preserved the original sedimentary features and is suitable for magnetostratigraphic study. Paleomagnetic results indicate that the Cenjiawan Paleolithic site is formed just posterior to the Punaruu normal event, which is dated at about 1.1 Ma. Combined with the paleomagnetic results of the Donggutuo, Xiaochangliang and Majuangou sections, it is concluded that early humans were occupying the Nihewan Basin around 1.6, 1.3 and 1.1 Ma. This integrated result is significant to understanding the ability of migration and adaptation to the environment of early humans.


Nihewan Basin Early Pleistocene Cenjiawan Paleolithic site paleomagnetism 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang Hongqiang 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Deng Chenglong 
    • 1
  • Zhu Rixiang 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xie Fei 
    • 3
  1. 1.Paleomagnetism and Geochronology Laboratory (SKL-LE), Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of the Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Hebei Province Institute of Cultural RelicsShijiazhuangChina

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