Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 11, pp 1191–1196 | Cite as

Gut-liver axis: gut microbiota in shaping hepatic innate immunity

  • Xunyao WuEmail author
  • Zhigang TianEmail author


Gut microbiota play an essential role in shaping immune cell responses. The liver was continuously exposed to metabolic products of intestinal commensal bacterial through portal vein and alteration of gut commensal bateria was always associated with increased risk of liver inflammation and autoimmune disease. Considered as a unique immunological organ, the liver is enriched with a large number of innate immune cells. Herein, we summarize the available literature of gut microbiota in shaping the response of hepatic innate immune cells including NKT cells, NK cells, γδ T cells and Kupffer cells during health and disease. Such knowledge might help to develop novel and innovative strategies for the prevention and therapy of innate immune cell-related liver disease.


microbiota liver innate immune cells liver inflammation 


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© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Immunology and the Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease (Chinese Academy of Sciences), School of Life Science and Medical CenterUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of MedicineZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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