Impact of insect-resistant GM rice on pesticide use and farmers’ health in China
The economic benefits of insect-resistant genetically modified (GM) crops have been well documented, but the impact of such crops and the consequent reduction in pesticide use on farmers’ health remains largely unknown. Through the analysis of the data collected from the physical examination from farmers in China, we show that GM rice significantly reduces pesticide use and the resultant not only visible but also invisible adverse effects on farmers’ neurological, hematological, and electrolyte system. Hence, the commercialization of GM rice is expected to improve the health of farmers in developing countries, where pesticide application is necessary to mitigate crop loss.
Keywordspesticide use farmers health genetically modified rice insect-resistance
- 3.James C. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2012, ISAAA Brief No. 44, Ithaca, NY, 2001Google Scholar
- 4.Huang J, Qiao F, Zhang L, Rozelle S. Farm pesticide, rice production, and the environment. Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) Res, Rep. 2001-RR3, International Development Research Center, Singapore, 2001Google Scholar
- 6.Pingali P, Hossain M, Gerpacio R. Asian Rice Bowls-The Returning Crisis? Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 1997Google Scholar
- 9.Deng C, Song G, Xu J, Zhu Z. Increasing accumulation level of foreign protein in transgenic plant through protein targeting. Acta Bot Sin, 2003, 45: 1084–1089Google Scholar
- 12.Chen X, Xu L, Du J, Lv C, Zhang Z, Zhou Y, Qi K. The clinical meaning of testing serum NSE of acute organophosphorus pesticides poisoning children. Military Med J Southeast China, 2011, 13: 310Google Scholar
- 13.Wang X, Zhang G. Clinical change of red blood cell and its implications of the acutely organophosphates poisoned patients. Chin J Misdiag, 2007, 7: 966Google Scholar
- 14.Liu H, Wang J, Yang Y, Hou J. Clinical change of neuter granulocyte percentage in blood and its implications of the acutely organophosphates poisoned patients. Chin J Crit Care Med, 2003, 23: 364–365Google Scholar
- 15.Bai B, Gao M, Su L, Zhou X. Physiology, version 6. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House, 2009Google Scholar
- 19.National Bureau of Statistics of China. China Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2012aGoogle Scholar
- 20.National Bureau of Statistics of China. Fujian Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2012bGoogle Scholar
- 24.National Development and Reform Commission. The National Data on the Cost and Revenue of Agricultural Commodities. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2012Google Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.