Labeling of cynomolgus monkey bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells for cell tracking by multimodality imaging
- First Online:
- 807 Downloads
Recently, transplantation of allogeneic and autologous cells has been used for regenerative medicine. A critical issue is monitoring migration and homing of transplanted cells, as well as engraftment efficiency and functional capability in vivo. Monitoring of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used in animal models and clinical settings to track labeled cells. A major limitation of MRI is that the signals do not show biological characteristics of transplanted cells in vivo. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been extensively investigated for their various therapeutic properties, and exhibit the potential to differentiate into cells of diverse lineages. In this study, cynomolgus monkey MSCs (cMSCs) were labeled with Molday ION Rhodamine-B™ (MIRB), a new SPIO agent, to investigate and characterize the biophysical and MRI properties of labeled cMSCs in vitro and in vivo. The results indicate that MIRB is biocompatible and useful for cMSCs labeling and cell tracking by multimodality imaging. Our method is helpful for detection of transplanted stem cells in vivo, which is required for understanding mechanisms of cell therapy.
Keywordsbone marrow mesenchymal stem cells MRI Molday ION Rhodamine-B™ transplantation nonhuman primate
- 6.Budde M D, Frank J A. Magnetic tagging of therapeutic cells for MRI. J Null Med, 2009, 50: 171–174Google Scholar
- 33.Song M, Moon W K, Kim Y, et al. Labeling efficacy of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to human neural stem cells: comparison of ferumoxides, monocrystalline iron oxide, cross-linked iron oxide (CLIO)-NH2 and tat-CLIO. Korean J Radiol, 2007, 8: 365–371PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 38.Mainenti P P, Mancini M, Mainolfi C, et al. Detection of colo-rectal liver metastases: prospective comparison of contrast enhanced US, multidetector CT, PET/CT, and 1.5 Tesla MR with extracellular and reticulo-endothelial cell specific contrast agents. Abdom Imaging, 2010, 35: 511–521PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.