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Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 502–512 | Cite as

Viral proteomics: The emerging cutting-edge of virus research

  • ShengTao Zhou
  • Rui Liu
  • Xia ZhaoEmail author
  • CanHua HuangEmail author
  • YuQuan Wei
Open Access
Reviews

Abstract

Viruses replicate and proliferate in host cells while continuously adjusting to and modulating the host environment. They encode a wide spectrum of multifunctional proteins, which interplay with and modify proteins in host cells. Viral genomes were chronologically the first to be sequenced. However, the corresponding viral proteomes, the alterations of host proteomes upon viral infection, and the dynamic nature of proteins, such as post-translational modifications, enzymatic cleavage, and activation or destruction by proteolysis, remain largely unknown. Emerging high-throughput techniques, in particular quantitative or semi-quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics analysis of viral and cellular proteomes, have been applied to define viruses and their interactions with their hosts. Here, we review the major areas of viral proteomics, including virion proteomics, structural proteomics, viral protein interactomics, and changes to the host cell proteome upon viral infection.

Keywords

virus proteomics virion proteomics virus host interaction 

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© The Author(s) 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, West China Second HospitalSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China HospitalSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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