Mitochondrial DNA analysis of human remains from the Yuansha site in Xinjiang, China
- Cite this article as:
- Gao, S., Cui, Y., Yang, Y. et al. Sci. China Ser. C-Life Sci. (2008) 51: 205. doi:10.1007/s11427-008-0034-8
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The Yuansha site is located in the center of the Taklimakan Desert of Xinjiang, in the southern Silk Road region. MtDNA was extracted from fifteen human remains excavated from the Yuansha site, dating back 2,000–2,500 years. Analysis of the phylogenetic tree and the multidimensional scaling (MDS) reveals that the Yuansha population has relatively close relationships with the modern populations of South Central Asia and Indus Valley, as well as with the ancient population of Chawuhu.