Science in China Series C: Life Sciences

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 205–213 | Cite as

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of human remains from the Yuansha site in Xinjiang, China

  • Gao ShiZhu 
  • Cui YinQiu 
  • Yang YiDai 
  • Duan RanHui 
  • Idelisi Abuduresule
  • Victor H. Mair
  • Zhu Hong 
  • Zhou Hui Email author


The Yuansha site is located in the center of the Taklimakan Desert of Xinjiang, in the southern Silk Road region. MtDNA was extracted from fifteen human remains excavated from the Yuansha site, dating back 2,000–2,500 years. Analysis of the phylogenetic tree and the multidimensional scaling (MDS) reveals that the Yuansha population has relatively close relationships with the modern populations of South Central Asia and Indus Valley, as well as with the ancient population of Chawuhu.


Yuansha site ancient DNA mtDNA Xinjiang Central Asia 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gao ShiZhu 
    • 1
    • 3
  • Cui YinQiu 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang YiDai 
    • 1
  • Duan RanHui 
    • 1
  • Idelisi Abuduresule
    • 4
  • Victor H. Mair
    • 5
  • Zhu Hong 
    • 1
  • Zhou Hui 
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ancient DNA, Research Center for Chinese Frontier ArchaeologyJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Life ScienceJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.School of Pharmaceutical SciencesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.Xinjiang Cultural Relics and Archaeology InstituteUrumqiChina
  5. 5.Chinese Language and Literature Department of East Asian Languages and CivilizationsUniversity of PennsylvaniaUSA

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