Integrating photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with selective oxidation of tetrahydroisoquinoline over InP–In2O3 Z-scheme p-n junction
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The development of a facile strategy to construct stable hierarchal porous heterogeneous photocatalysts remains a great challenge for efficient CO2 reduction. Additionally, hole-trapping sacrificial agents (e.g., triethanolamine, triethylamine, and methanol) are mostly necessary, which produce useless chemicals, and thus cause costs/environmental concerns. Therefore, utilizing oxidation ability of holes to develop an alternative photooxidation reaction to produce value-added chemicals, especially coupled with CO2 photoreduction, is highly desirable. Here, an in situ partial phosphating method of In2O3 is reported for synthesizing InP–In2O3 p-n junction. A highly selective photooxidation of tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ) into value-added dihydroisoquinoline (DHIQ) is to replace the hole driven oxidation of typical sacrificial agents. Meanwhile, the photoelectrons of InP–In2O3 p-n junction can induce the efficient photoreduction of CO2 to CO with high selectivity and stability. The evolution rates of DHIQ and CO are 2 and 3.8 times higher than those of the corresponding In2O3 n-type precursor, respectively. In situ irradiated X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electron spin resonance are utilized to confirm that the direct Z-scheme mechanism of InP–In2O3 p-n junction accelerate the efficient separation of photocarriers.
KeywordsCO2 reduction dehydrogenation photocatalysis Z-scheme tetrahydroisoquinoline
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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21422104), and the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City (17JCJQJC44700, 16JCZDJC30600).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.