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Carbon dots prepared for fluorescence and chemiluminescence sensing

  • Meng-Li Liu
  • Bin-Bin Chen
  • Chun-Mei Li
  • Cheng-Zhi HuangEmail author
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Abstract

Carbon dots (CDs) have attracted considerable research interest in recent years due to their unique optical properties, chemical inertness, facile synthesis from a wide range of starting materials, and advantages over classic quantum dots and organic dyes. Various methods have been developed for preparing the CDs, including chemical oxidation, hydro/solvothermal method, electrochemical method, microwave-assisted synthesis, and direct carbonization method. Importantly, the superior electronic properties of CDs including efficient light harvesting and prominent photoinduced electron transfer have aroused considerable attention in fluorescence (FL) and chemiluminescence (CL) sensing field. In this review, we aim to demonstrate the recent progress of CDs in the synthesis, FL and CL sensing applications. This review gives new insights into how to use different synthetic methods to tune the structure of the CDs, with the major focus on FL and CL sensing.

Keywords

carbon dots synthesis approach fluorescence sensing chemiluminescence sensing detection mechanism 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21535006), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (XDJK2018C088).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meng-Li Liu
    • 1
  • Bin-Bin Chen
    • 1
  • Chun-Mei Li
    • 2
  • Cheng-Zhi Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Luminescent and Real-Time Analytical Chemistry (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Analysis (Southwest University), Chongqing Science & Technology Commission, College of Pharmaceutical ScienceSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina

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