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Melanin/polydopamine-based nanomaterials for biomedical applications

  • Chao Qi
  • Lian-Hua Fu
  • Han Xu
  • Tian-Fu Wang
  • Jing Lin
  • Peng Huang
Review
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

The natural melanin is one kind of ubiquitous biological pigments, which is produced in melanosomes and widely distributed in living organisms. The synthetic melanin, often known as polydopamine (PDA), has similar chemical compositions and physical properties to natural melanin. In recent years, both natural melanin and PDA have aroused increased research interests in biomedical fields owing to their inherent biocompatibility, antioxidant activity, free-radical scavenging, metal ion chelation, strong near-infrared absorption and high photothermal conversion efficiency. Inspired by these fascinating properties, melanin and PDA have been widely used as building blocks for the construction of multifunctional nanoplatforms for various biomedical applications. This review focuses on the state-of-the-art progress in melanin/PDA-based nanomaterials, which covers from their preparation methods to biomedical applications including bioimaging, treatment, theranostics, antibacterial, UV/radiation protection, biosensor and tissue engineering. Moreover, the current trends and the future prospects of melanin/PDA-based nanomaterials are also discussed.

Keywords

melanin polydopamine nanomaterials biomedical applications 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51802202, 51703132, 51573096, 21807074), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2017M612727, 2018M633123), the National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (BX201600111), the Guangdong Province Natural Science Foundation of PhD Start-up Fund (2018A030310566, 2018A030310574), and the Basic Research Program of Shenzhen (JCYJ20170412111100742, JCYJ20160422091238319).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Qi
    • 1
  • Lian-Hua Fu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Han Xu
    • 1
  • Tian-Fu Wang
    • 1
  • Jing Lin
    • 1
  • Peng Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangdong Key Laboratory for Biomedical Measurements and Ultrasound Imaging, Carson International Cancer Center, Laboratory of Evolutionary Theranostics, School of Biomedical Engineering, Health Science CenterShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina

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