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Science China Chemistry

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 302–313 | Cite as

Flame retarded polymer nanocomposites: Development, trend and future perspective

  • HaiYun Ma
  • PingAn Song
  • ZhengPing FangEmail author
Reviews Special Issue

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites are a new class of flame retarded materials which have attracted much attention and considered as a revolutionary new flame retardant approach. A very small amount of nano flame retardants (normally < 5 wt%) can significantly reduce the heat release rate (HRR) and smoke emission (SEA) during the combustion of polymer materials. Moreover, the addition of nano flame retardants can also improve the mechanical properties of polymer materials compared with the deterioration of traditional flame retardants. This paper reviews the recent development in the flame retardant field of polymer nanocomposites and also introduces the related research in our lab. The challenges and problems are discussed and the future development of flame retarded polymer nanocomposites is prospected.

Keywords

nanocomposite layered silicate carbon nanotubes fullerene flame retardancy 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization; Institute of Polymer CompositesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Polymer Materials and Engineering, Ningbo Institute of TechnologyZhejiang UniversityNingboChina
  3. 3.Department of Biological and Materials ScienceUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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