Science in China Series B: Chemistry

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 97–100 | Cite as

H2 production with low CO selectivity from photocatalytic reforming of glucose on metal/TiO2 catalysts

  • Wu GuoPeng 
  • Chen Tao 
  • Zhou GuoHua 
  • Zong Xu 
  • Li Can Email author


H2 with low CO concentration is produced via photocatalytic reforming of glucose (as a representative of biomass component) on metal/TiO2 catalyst (metals: Pt, Rh, Ru, Ir, Au, Ni, Cu). It is shown that the loaded metals generally enhance the rate of H2 production, while they depress the CO selectivity. Both H2 production and CO selectivity are strongly dependent on the kind of deposited metals on TiO2. For example, Rh/TiO2 catalyst is found to be most active for H2 production while with the most extremely low CO concentration from the photocatalytic reforming of glucose.


photocatalysis H2 production CO selectivity glucose metal (Rh, Pt, Ru, Ir, Au, Cu or Ni)/TiO2 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Song C. Fuel processing for low-temperature and high-temperature fuel cells challenges, and opportunities for sustainable development in the 21st century. Catal Today, 2002, 77(1–2): 17–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamelinck C N, Faaij A P C. Future prospects for production of methanol and hydrogen from biomass. J Power Sources, 2002, 111(1): 1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bridgwater A V. Catalysis in thermal biomass conversion. Appl Catal A-Gen, 1994, 116(1–2): 5–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huber G W, Shabaker J W, Dumesic J A. Raney Ni-Sn catalyst for H2 production from biomass-derived hydrocarbons. Science, 2003, 300(5628): 2075–2077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cortright R D, Davda R R, Dumesic J A. Hydrogen from catalytic reforming of biomass-derived hydrocarbons in liquid water. Nature, 2002, 418(6901): 964–967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kawai T, Sakata T. Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water by the decomposition of poly-vinylchloride, protein, algae, dead insects and excrement. Chem Lett, 1981, 10(1): 81–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kawai T, Sakata T. Conversion of carbohydrate into hydrogen fuel by a photocatalytic process. Nature, 1980, 286(5772): 474–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Everly C R, Traynham J G. Heterogeneous photocatalytic preparation of supported catalysts. Photodeposition of platinum on TiO2 powder and other substrates. J Am Chem Soc, 1978, 100(13): 4317–4318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Linsebigler A L, Lu G, Yates Jr J T. Photocatalysis on TiO2 surfaces: Principles, mechanisms, and selected results. Chem Rev, 1995, 95(3): 735–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    John M R St, Furgala A J, Sammells A F. Hydrogen generation by photocatalytic oxidation of glucose by platinized n-TiO2 powder. J Phys Chem, 1983, 87(5): 801–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wu G, Chen T, Zong X, Yan H, Ma G, Wang X, Xu Q, Wang D, Lei Z, Li C. Suppressing CO formation by anion adsorption and Pt deposition on TiO2 in H2 production from photocatalytic reforming of methanol. J Catal, 2008, 253(1): 225–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu G, Chen T, Su W, Zhou G, Zong X, Li C. H2 production with ultra-low CO selectivity via photocatalytic reforming of methanol on Au/TiO2 catalyst. Int J Hydrogen Energ, AcceptedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jafiezic-Renault N, Pichat P, Foissy A, Mercier R. Effect of deposited Pt particles on the surface charge of TiO2 aqueous suspensions by potentiometry, electrophoresis, and labeled ion adsorption. J Phys Chem, 1986, 90(12): 2733–2738CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wu GuoPeng 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chen Tao 
    • 2
  • Zhou GuoHua 
    • 2
  • Zong Xu 
    • 2
  • Li Can 
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plasma Physical ChemistryDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina

Personalised recommendations