Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 1145–1174 | Cite as

Improving teacher professional development for online and blended learning: a systematic meta-aggregative review

  • Brent PhilipsenEmail author
  • Jo Tondeur
  • Natalie Pareja Roblin
  • Silke Vanslambrouck
  • Chang Zhu
Research Article


In order to fully realise the potential of online and blended learning (OBL), teacher professional development (TPD) strategies on how to teach in an online or blended learning environment are needed. While many studies examine the effects of TPD strategies, fewer studies target the specific important components of these strategies. This study addresses that gap by conducting a systematic review of qualitative data consisting of 15 articles on TPD that targets OBL. Using a meta-aggregative approach, six different synthesised findings were identified and integrated into a visual framework of the key components of TPD for OBL. These synthesised findings are the base for the action recommendations which present specific and contextualised suggestions. Taken together, the findings can inform in-service teachers and trainers, together with further research and development efforts that are concerned with TPD for OBL.


Distance education Online and blended learning Professional development Technological integration 



This study was funded by the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (Grant Number 140029).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11423_2019_9645_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brent Philipsen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jo Tondeur
    • 2
    • 3
  • Natalie Pareja Roblin
    • 4
  • Silke Vanslambrouck
    • 1
  • Chang Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Interfaculty Department of Teacher EducationVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Educational StudiesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  4. 4.Amsterdam University of Applied SciencesAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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