Elementary students enhancing their understanding of energy-saving through idea-centered collaborative knowledge-building scaffolds and activities

  • Huang-Yao Hong
  • Pei-Yi LinEmail author
Research Article


Effective energy education depends on continuing research designed to identify instructional strategies that will proof effective in particular learning contexts. The aim of this study was to help Taiwanese students learn about energy-saving related concepts through idea-centered, collaborative knowledge-building activities carried out in an online environment. The participants were 34 fifth-grade Taiwanese students. The data were taken mainly from students’ online interaction logs and discourse content. We found that knowledge-building activities helped to transform students into more collaborative, autonomous and creative learners, capable of working innovatively with ideas to address the energy-related issues under discussion. The students also demonstrated deeper understanding of the energy-related topics they explored. This study suggests that knowledge-building, an innovative pedagogical approach, was conducive to collaborative learning even in young students.


Energy education Collaborative learning Knowledge-building scaffolds 



Funding for this research was in part provided by a NCCU university grant and by the Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan (Grant #: MOST 104-2511-S-004-001-MY3 & MOST 106-2511-S-004-008-MY2). The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author only and do not reflect the opinions of the MOST. We own special thanks to the students for their participation in this study and the research opportunities enabled by their work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EducationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Ontario Institute for Studies in EducationUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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